For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following terms to match the description given. a. aldohexose n. glycoside linkage h. antibody o. hormone c. cellulose p. hydrophobic d. CH 2 O q. inhibition e. cysteine r. ketohexoses f. denaturation s. oxytocin g. disaccharides t. pleated sheet h. disulfide u. polypeptide i. DNA v. polysaccharides j. enzymes w. primary structure k. fibrous x. saliva l. globular y. substrate m. glycogen z. sucrose . polymer consisting of many amino acids . linkage that forms between two cysteine Species . peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion . proteins with roughly spherical shape . sequence of amino acids in a protein . silk protein secondary structure . water-repelling amino acid side chain . amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair . biological catalysts . breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure . molecule acted on by an enzyme . occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule . special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance . substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ . animal polymer of glucose . —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars . empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate . where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found . six-carbon ketone sugars . structural component of plants, polymer of glucose . sugars consisting of two monomer units . six-carbon aldehyde sugars

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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

8th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199030
BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

8th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199030

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 21, Problem 76AP
Textbook Problem

For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following terms to match the

description given.

    a. aldohexose
    n. glycoside linkage
    h. antibody
    o. hormone
    c. cellulose
    p. hydrophobic
    d. CH2O
    q. inhibition
    e. cysteine
    r. ketohexoses
    f. denaturation
    s. oxytocin
    g. disaccharides
    t. pleated sheet
    h. disulfide
    u. polypeptide
    i. DNA
    v. polysaccharides
    j. enzymes
    w. primary structure
    k. fibrous
    x. saliva
    l. globular
    y. substrate
    m. glycogen
    z. sucrose

. polymer consisting of many amino acids

. linkage that forms between two cysteine Species

. peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion

. proteins with roughly spherical shape

. sequence of amino acids in a protein

. silk protein secondary structure

. water-repelling amino acid side chain

. amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair

. biological catalysts

. breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure

. molecule acted on by an enzyme

. occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule

. special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance

. substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ

. animal polymer of glucose

. —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars

. empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate

. where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found

. six-carbon ketone sugars

. structural component of plants, polymer of glucose

. sugars consisting of two monomer units

. six-carbon aldehyde sugars

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Chapter 21 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Ch. 21 - . Sketch the general structure of a triglyceride....Ch. 21 - . Describe the mechanism by which fatty acid salts...Ch. 21 - _________ is the study of the chemistry of living...Ch. 21 - What are trace elements, and why are such elements...Ch. 21 - What are proteins? Are proteins polymers? Explain....Ch. 21 - What general functions do fibrous and globular...Ch. 21 - Consider the 20 most common amino acids shown in...Ch. 21 - Consider the amino acids alanine, cysteine, and...Ch. 21 - Nonpolar side chains in a-amino acids tend to be...Ch. 21 - Given the structures of the amino acids in Fig....Ch. 21 - Given the structures of the amino acids alanine...Ch. 21 - . How many unique amino acid sequences are...Ch. 21 - . What is a peptide linkage? Choose two amino...Ch. 21 - . What does the primary structure of a protein...Ch. 21 - . In general terms, what does the secondary...Ch. 21 - . How is the secondary structure of a protein...Ch. 21 - . Describe the secondary structure of the protein...Ch. 21 - Describe the secondary structure of the protein...Ch. 21 - . In general terms, what does the tertiary...Ch. 21 - What is a disulfide linkage? Which of the amino...Ch. 21 - . What is meant by denaturation of a protein? Give...Ch. 21 - . What protein is responsible for the transport of...Ch. 21 - . What name is given to proteins that catalyze...Ch. 21 - What is the name of the protein that stores iron...Ch. 21 - ________are special proteins that are synthesized...Ch. 21 - . How are proteins able to act as buffering agents...Ch. 21 - . How does the efficiency of an enzyme compare...Ch. 21 - What does it mean to say that an enzyme is very...Ch. 21 - . What name is given to the specific portion of...Ch. 21 - . Describe the lock-and-key model for enzymes. Why...Ch. 21 - . Sketch the straight-chain representations of the...Ch. 21 - What functional groups are present in the simple...Ch. 21 - . Sketch the ring structures of glucose and...Ch. 21 - What is a pentose sugar? Sketch the straight-chain...Ch. 21 - . What is a disaccharide? What monosaccharide...Ch. 21 - . Starch and cellulose both are polymers of...Ch. 21 - . Sketch a representation of the disaccharide...Ch. 21 - . In addition to using numerical prefixes in the...Ch. 21 - . _________ carries the information needed for the...Ch. 21 - . RNA molecules, which are found in the cytoplasm...Ch. 21 - . DNA nucleotides contain the pentose _______...Ch. 21 - . Name the live nitrogen bases found in DNA and...Ch. 21 - . Describe the double-helical structure of DNA....Ch. 21 - . The text states that the key to DNA’s...Ch. 21 - . What is a gene?Ch. 21 - . Lipids are a group of substances defined in...Ch. 21 - . What are the four classes of lipids? Give an...Ch. 21 - . Sketch the general structure of a triglyceride....Ch. 21 - . Referring to Table 21.5, give an example of a...Ch. 21 - . Using the general formula for a triglyceride,...Ch. 21 - . Describe the mechanism by which a soap is able...Ch. 21 - . What is a micelle? How do the micelles formed by...Ch. 21 - . What is a steroid? What basic ring structure 15...Ch. 21 - . What types of hormones are synthesized in the...Ch. 21 - . Give the names of several steroid sex hormones,...Ch. 21 - . What are bile acids, and from what are they...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following...Ch. 21 - . The substance in the nucleus of the cell that...Ch. 21 - How large is the DNA molecule? Where in the cell...Ch. 21 - . The pentose deoxyribose is found in DNA, whereas...Ch. 21 - . The basic linkage in DNA or RNA between the...Ch. 21 - . The bases on opposite strands of DNA are said to...Ch. 21 - . In a strand of normal DNA, the base ________ is...Ch. 21 - . A given segment of the DNA molecule, which...Ch. 21 - . During protein synthesis, _________ RNA...Ch. 21 - . The codes specified by ________ are responsible...Ch. 21 - . Write the amino acid sequences possible for a...Ch. 21 - . _________ are esters of the polyhydroxyalcohol...Ch. 21 - . Vegetable oils tend to contain ________ fatty...Ch. 21 - . The process of _________ involves treating a fat...Ch. 21 - . Fatty acid anions make good soaps because they...Ch. 21 - . The aggregations of fatty acid anions that form...Ch. 21 - Steroids comprise what four groups?Ch. 21 - . The starting material in the body for the...Ch. 21 - . Referring to Fig. 21.25, what is a common...Ch. 21 - . Cholic acid and other bile acids act as ________...Ch. 21 - . Describe the secondary protein structure known...Ch. 21 - . How many possible primary structures exist for a...Ch. 21 - . List three structural uses of proteins in the...Ch. 21 - . What specific protein carries oxygen from the...Ch. 21 - . Describe the structure of the protein collagen....Ch. 21 - . What is meant by inhibition of an enzyme’? What...Ch. 21 - . What general name is given to sugars containing...Ch. 21 - . Although both starch and cellulose are polymers...Ch. 21 - . In the formation of a polynucleotide (a short...Ch. 21 - . Describe the structure of a wax. Where do waxes...Ch. 21 - . What is a phospholipid? How does the structure...

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