Oceanography: An Invitation To Mar...

9th Edition
Garrison + 1 other
Publisher: Brooks Cole
ISBN: 9781305254282

Oceanography: An Invitation To Mar...

9th Edition
Garrison + 1 other
Publisher: Brooks Cole
ISBN: 9781305254282


Chapter 3.5, Problem 1CC
Textbook Problem

Why were traditional views of the age of Earth an impediment to early understanding of Earth’s inner structure?

Expert Solution
To determine

The reason why traditional views of Earth’s age stood as an impediment to the early understanding of Earth’s inner structure.

Explanation of Solution

Even before the advent of modern methods to determine Earth’s age, its age was predicted on the basis of some religious beliefs. By the end of the 18th century, many European natural scientists believed that the Earth was young and formed nearly before 6000 years.

Such a young age for the Earth was found on account of the Bible’s Old Testament lineage. In 1654, an Irish Bishop James Ussher, after book of Genesis, got convinced that the Creation occurred on 26th October 4004 B.C.E. However, a Scottish physician James Hutton proposed a principle different from the age old belief about Earth’s age. Through proper scientific experiments and research, people of that period were not ready to accept the principle, except a few who supported Hutton.

Hutton stated in his principle of uniformitarianism that the geologic processes shaped the Earth, and the processes that operate today have been in action in the past as well...

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin
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Ch. 3.4 - Steel is heavier than water. How can a steel ship...Ch. 3.4 - How are Earths inner layers classified?Ch. 3.4 - Whats the relationship between crust and...Ch. 3.4 - Which part of Earths interior is thought to be a...Ch. 3.4 - Why is the inside of Earth so hot?Ch. 3.4 - How does heat move from the inner Earth to the...Ch. 3.4 - How can something as heavy as a continent be so...Ch. 3.5 - Why were traditional views of the age of Earth an...Ch. 3.6 - How did a careful plot of earthquake locations...Ch. 3.6 - How did echo sounding and an understanding of...Ch. 3.7 - Look at the pattern of earthquake depths along the...Ch. 3.7 - What was the key insight that Hess and Wilson...Ch. 3.7 - Can you outlinein very simple termsthe action of...Ch. 3.8 - What kinds of plate boundaries exist?Ch. 3.8 - What happens at each?Ch. 3.8 - About how fast do plates move?Ch. 3.8 - Which kind of plate movement is related to...Ch. 3.8 - Why do you think the mid-ocean ridges are higher...Ch. 3.9 - Figure (c) is a bit small, but perhaps you can see...Ch. 3.10 - If a continent twists as it moves over time (see...Ch. 3.10 - Is Earths magnetic field a constant? That is,...Ch. 3.10 - How can Earths magnetic field be frozen into rocks...Ch. 3.10 - Can you outlinein very simple termsthe action of...Ch. 3.10 - What is a hot spot? Where can you go to see...Ch. 3.10 - How does the long chain of Hawaiian volcanoes seem...Ch. 3.10 - Earth is 4,600 million years old, and the ocean is...Ch. 3.11 - Has plate tectonics been a feature of Earth since...Ch. 3.11 - Can you suggest areas for future research in plate...Ch. 3.11 - In your opinion, how has an understanding of plate...Ch. 3 - What difficulties complicate scientists attempts...Ch. 3 - Some earthquakes are linked to adjustments of...Ch. 3 - Would the most violent earthquakes be associated...Ch. 3 - Describe the mechanism that powers the movement of...Ch. 3 - Where are the youngest rocks in the ocean crust?...Ch. 3 - Why did geologists have such strong objections to...Ch. 3 - What biological evidence supports plate tectonics...Ch. 3 - Imagine a tectonic plate moving westward. What...Ch. 3 - What evidence can you cite to support the theory...

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