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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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Recombinent human erythropoietin (Epo) was developed for for medical use. For example, it can be beneficial to people who have kidney damage and do not produce enough erythropoietin on their own. However, Epo is also used by some athletes as an illicit drug that boosts performance. Explain why Epo can enhance performance in some athletic events.

Summary Introduction

To explain: Why erythropoietin usage enhance the performance of athletes.

Concept introduction:

Erythropoietin is an important growth factor that induces red blood cell production in blood. It is commonly called as EPO, which is actually a hormone produced by kidney. When the number of circulating RBC decreases or if the oxygen transport does not function, then the nervous system detects the change and passes the signal to liver where erythropoietin production will be increased.

Explanation

Erythropoietin is an important hormone produced by the liver. The major function imposed on this hormone is to produce red blood cells from the bone marrow. The production of EPO always increases the oxygen transport inside the body as numerous new RBCs are formed...

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