Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892



Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

The system that coordinates other organ systems is the:

a. skeletal system.

b. reproductive system.

c. muscular system.

d. nervous system.

e. integumentary system.

Summary Introduction


The body is composed of millions of cells, tissues, and various organs that are engaged in distinct functions. There are about eleven major organ systems in vertebrates and these organ systems co-ordinates in order to ensure proper functioning and the survival of the organism.


Explanation/justification for the correct answer:

Option (d) is the nervous system. The nervous system is an organ system that co-ordinates different activities in the animals by transmitting signals to and from different parts of the body. It includes a sensory system, interpretative function, and motor function. The vertebrate nervous system is divided into two main parts, namely, CNS (central nervous system) and PNS (peripheral nervous system). The brain and the spinal cord are the parts of CNS, while the nerves that connect the CNS to different parts of the body are the part of PNS. Hence, option (d) is correct.

Explanation for the incorrect answers:

Option (a) is the skeletal system. This system consists of cartilages, bones, and tendons. Its function is to provide framework and support to the body. It is protective in nature...

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