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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

_______ Which of the following statements is incorrect?

  1. a. Rates of preterm delivery and low birth-weight in the United States are trending downward but remain higher in non-Hispanic Black American women and infants than in other groups.
  2. b. Reductions in the proportion of infants born small, early, or both would clearly decrease infant mortality.
  3. c. The international ranking of the United States for infant mortality rate has been improving since the beginning of the twenty-first century.
  4. d. National health objectives for pregnant women and newborns focus on the reduction of low birth-weight, preterm delivery, and infant mortality.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: The mortality rate of infants at birth greatly reflects the socioeconomic status of a country. Countries striving to provide the best healthcare facilities to its citizens should not only focus on technological development but also provide facilities such as clean environment and proper counseling and guidance to its citizen.

Explanation

Reasons for the correct statement:

Option c. is given as “The international ranking of the United States for infant mortality rate has been improving since the beginning of the twenty-first century”.

The overall health and economic status of the population highly influences infant mortality. A population that can provide best health practices for the mother and the fetus is supportive of a low rate of infant mortality. The health of the pregnant woman is also influenced by societal conditions such as hygiene.

Though there is an improvement in the health care unit, a small improvement in infant mortality is seen in the United States since the beginning of the twenty-first century. It is still far behind many developed nations and ranks 56th in the world ranking based on infant mortality due to challenges such as preterm birth and low birth weight.

Hence, option c. is correct.

Reasons for the incorrect statements:

Option a. is given as “Rates of preterm delivery and low birth weight in the United States are trending downward but remain higher in non-Hispanic Black American women and infants than in other groups”...

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