BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structure of the amine or quaternary ammonium salt produced when each of the following pairs of compounds reacts in the presence of a strong base.

  1. a. Trimethylamine and ethyl bromide
  2. b. Diisopropylamine and methyl bromide
  3. c. Ethylmethylpropylamine and methyl chloride
  4. d. Ethylamine and ethyl chloride

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of amine or quaternary ammonium salt that is obtained when trimethylamine and ethyl bromide is reacted in presence of strong base has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

Explanation

Given reactants are trimethylamine and ethyl bromide.  In this, the amine given is a tertiary amine.  When tertiary amine is treated with an alkyl halide, the product obtained is a quaternary ammonium salt...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of amine or quaternary ammonium salt that is obtained when diisopropylamine and methyl bromide is reacted in presence of strong base has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of amine or quaternary ammonium salt that is obtained when ethylmethylpropylamine and methyl chloride is reacted in presence of strong base has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of amine or quaternary ammonium salt that is obtained when ethylamine and ethyl chloride is reacted in presence of strong base has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-6.4 P-1QQSect-6.4 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-1QQSect-6.5 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-3QQSect-6.6 P-1QQSect-6.6 P-2QQSect-6.6 P-3QQSect-6.7 P-1QQSect-6.7 P-2QQSect-6.7 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-1QQSect-6.8 P-2QQSect-6.8 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-4QQSect-6.9 P-1QQSect-6.9 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-1QQSect-6.10 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-3QQSect-6.10 P-4QQSect-6.11 P-1QQSect-6.11 P-2QQSect-6.11 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-1QQSect-6.12 P-2QQSect-6.12 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-4QQSect-6.13 P-1QQSect-6.13 P-2QQSect-6.13 P-3QQSect-6.13 P-4QQSect-6.14 P-1QQSect-6.14 P-2QQSect-6.14 P-3QQSect-6.15 P-1QQSect-6.15 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-1QQSect-6.16 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-3QQSect-6.17 P-1QQSect-6.17 P-2QQSect-6.17 P-3QQSect-6.18 P-1QQSect-6.18 P-2QQSect-6.18 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-1QQSect-6.19 P-2QQSect-6.19 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-4QQCh-6 P-6.1EPCh-6 P-6.2EPCh-6 P-6.3EPCh-6 P-6.4EPCh-6 P-6.5EPCh-6 P-6.6EPCh-6 P-6.7EPCh-6 P-6.8EPCh-6 P-6.9EPCh-6 P-6.10EPCh-6 P-6.11EPCh-6 P-6.12EPCh-6 P-6.13EPCh-6 P-6.14EPCh-6 P-6.15EPCh-6 P-6.16EPCh-6 P-6.17EPCh-6 P-6.18EPCh-6 P-6.19EPCh-6 P-6.20EPCh-6 P-6.21EPCh-6 P-6.22EPCh-6 P-6.23EPCh-6 P-6.24EPCh-6 P-6.25EPCh-6 P-6.26EPCh-6 P-6.27EPCh-6 P-6.28EPCh-6 P-6.29EPCh-6 P-6.30EPCh-6 P-6.31EPCh-6 P-6.32EPCh-6 P-6.33EPCh-6 P-6.34EPCh-6 P-6.35EPCh-6 P-6.36EPCh-6 P-6.37EPCh-6 P-6.38EPCh-6 P-6.39EPCh-6 P-6.40EPCh-6 P-6.41EPCh-6 P-6.42EPCh-6 P-6.43EPCh-6 P-6.44EPCh-6 P-6.45EPCh-6 P-6.46EPCh-6 P-6.47EPCh-6 P-6.48EPCh-6 P-6.49EPCh-6 P-6.50EPCh-6 P-6.51EPCh-6 P-6.52EPCh-6 P-6.53EPCh-6 P-6.54EPCh-6 P-6.55EPCh-6 P-6.56EPCh-6 P-6.57EPCh-6 P-6.58EPCh-6 P-6.59EPCh-6 P-6.60EPCh-6 P-6.61EPCh-6 P-6.62EPCh-6 P-6.63EPCh-6 P-6.64EPCh-6 P-6.65EPCh-6 P-6.66EPCh-6 P-6.67EPCh-6 P-6.68EPCh-6 P-6.69EPCh-6 P-6.70EPCh-6 P-6.71EPCh-6 P-6.72EPCh-6 P-6.73EPCh-6 P-6.74EPCh-6 P-6.75EPCh-6 P-6.76EPCh-6 P-6.77EPCh-6 P-6.78EPCh-6 P-6.79EPCh-6 P-6.80EPCh-6 P-6.81EPCh-6 P-6.82EPCh-6 P-6.83EPCh-6 P-6.84EPCh-6 P-6.85EPCh-6 P-6.86EPCh-6 P-6.87EPCh-6 P-6.88EPCh-6 P-6.89EPCh-6 P-6.90EPCh-6 P-6.91EPCh-6 P-6.92EPCh-6 P-6.93EPCh-6 P-6.94EPCh-6 P-6.95EPCh-6 P-6.96EPCh-6 P-6.97EPCh-6 P-6.98EPCh-6 P-6.99EPCh-6 P-6.100EPCh-6 P-6.101EPCh-6 P-6.102EPCh-6 P-6.103EPCh-6 P-6.104EPCh-6 P-6.105EPCh-6 P-6.106EPCh-6 P-6.107EPCh-6 P-6.108EPCh-6 P-6.109EPCh-6 P-6.110EPCh-6 P-6.111EPCh-6 P-6.112EPCh-6 P-6.113EPCh-6 P-6.114EPCh-6 P-6.115EPCh-6 P-6.116EPCh-6 P-6.117EPCh-6 P-6.118EPCh-6 P-6.119EPCh-6 P-6.120EPCh-6 P-6.121EPCh-6 P-6.122EPCh-6 P-6.123EPCh-6 P-6.124EPCh-6 P-6.125EPCh-6 P-6.126EPCh-6 P-6.127EPCh-6 P-6.128EPCh-6 P-6.129EPCh-6 P-6.130EPCh-6 P-6.131EPCh-6 P-6.132EPCh-6 P-6.133EPCh-6 P-6.134EPCh-6 P-6.135EPCh-6 P-6.136EPCh-6 P-6.137EPCh-6 P-6.138EPCh-6 P-6.139EPCh-6 P-6.140EPCh-6 P-6.141EPCh-6 P-6.142EPCh-6 P-6.143EPCh-6 P-6.144EPCh-6 P-6.145EPCh-6 P-6.146EPCh-6 P-6.147EPCh-6 P-6.148EPCh-6 P-6.149EPCh-6 P-6.150EPCh-6 P-6.151EPCh-6 P-6.152EPCh-6 P-6.153EPCh-6 P-6.154EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

24-17 How is glutamic acid removed from its receptor?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

Type 1 diabetes is most often controlled by successful weight-loss management. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

List the differences between mitosis and meiosis in the following chart:

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

For t 0, an object of mass m experiences no force and moves in the positive x direction with a constant speed ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)