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What is the key concept for this section? What percentage of the world’s people live in urban areas? List two ways in which urban areas grow. List three trends in global urban growth. Describe the three phases of urban growth in the United States. What is urban sprawl? List five factors that have promoted urban sprawl in the United States. List five undesirable effects of urban sprawl.

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Environmental Science (MindTap Cou...

16th Edition
G. Tyler Miller + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337569613

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Environmental Science (MindTap Cou...

16th Edition
G. Tyler Miller + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337569613
Chapter 6, Problem 7CR
Textbook Problem
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What is the key concept for this section? What percentage of the world’s people live in urban areas? List two ways in which urban areas grow. List three trends in global urban growth. Describe the three phases of urban growth in the United States. What is urban sprawl? List five factors that have promoted urban sprawl in the United States. List five undesirable effects of urban sprawl.

To determine

The key concept for the given section and the percentage of people living in urban areas. The two ways in which urban area grows, the three trends in global urban growth, and the phases of urban growth. The term “urban sprawl”, five factors that have promoted urban sprawl in the United States, and also five undesirable effects of urban sprawl.

Explanation of Solution

Urbanization is the key concept to understand the conditions associated with urban growth. 54% of the total world’s population resides in urban areas. The two ways in which urban area grows are as follows:

(i) Urban growth is the result of a natural increase in the number of people. The natural increase occurs in urban areas because the birth rate is higher than the death rate.

(ii) Immigration; that is, the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas is also responsible for urban growth.

The trends in global urban growth are as follows:

(i) The increase in the percentage of the global population that lives in urban areas.

(ii) The increase in the sizes and numbers of urban areas.

(iii) In less developed countries, the increased condition of poverty in urban areas.

The three phases of urban growth in the United States are as follows:

(i) The first stage includes the migration of people from rural areas to large central cities.

(ii) The second stage includes the migration of people from large central cities to nearby smaller cities and suburbs.

(iii) The third stage includes the migration of people from the North and East side of the United States to the South and West side...

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