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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is not an alkaloid?

  1. a. caffeine
  2. b. nicotine
  3. c. cocaine
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given compounds, the one that is not an alkaloid has to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Caffeine is obtained from coffee beans and also from tea leaves.  This is isolated from plant material and hence it is an alkaloid.  Nicotine is a compound that is obtained or isolated from tobacco plant and hence it is an alkaloid.  Cocaine is a compound that is obtained or isolated from coca plant and hence it is also an alkaloid.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that caffeine is not an alkaloid.  This is incorrect as caffeine is an alkaloid that is obtained from coffee beans and tea leaves...

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