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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is not a polyamide?

  1. a. silk
  2. b. wool
  3. c. nylon
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given options, the one that is not a polyamide has to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.

Amide polymers can be synthesized using condensation polymerization reaction.  Polyamide is a condensation polymer that has the monomers being joined by amide linkages.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Polyamide has more number of amide linkages.  The monomers are joined together by the amide linkages in polyamide.  The monomers that are used for synthesis of polyamide is dicarboxylic acid and diamine.

Silk is a polyamide as it contains more number of amide linkages which helps the monomer to be joined.  Wool is a polyamide as it contains more number of amide linkages which helps the monomer to be joined.  Nylon is a polyamide as it contains more number of amide linkages which helps the monomers (1,6-hexanediamine and hexanedioic acid) to be joined.

As all the given compounds are polyamides, option (d) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that silk is not a polyamide...

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