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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the common name for the compound CH3—NH—CH3?

  1. a. dimethyl amine
  2. b. dimethylamine
  3. c. N,N-dimethylamine
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Common name of the given compound has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC nomenclature for amine:  There are about five rules to be followed in giving IUPAC name for an amine.

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that is attached to nitrogen atom.
  • Suffix “-e” in name of the parent chain alkane is replaced by “-amine”.
  • Numbering of the carbon chain is done from the end that is near the nitrogen atom.
  • Point of attachment of the nitrogen atom in the carbon chain is indicated by a number before the parent chain name.
  • In case if substituents are present, then the identity and location of substituents are appended to the front in the parent chain name.

If the compound contains two amine groups, then the suffix “-e” is replaced by diamine.  Tertiary and secondary amines are named as N-substituted primary amines.

Common name for amine is given in a single word.  Primary amine is named as alkylamine.  Secondary amine is named as alkylalkylamine.  Tertiary amine is named as alkylalkylalkylamine.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given structure of compound is,

Given compound contains a nitrogen atom that is bonded to two carbon atoms and a hydrogen atom.  Hence, this is a secondary amine.

For giving common name for secondary amine, the alkyl groups attached to the nitrogen atom is identified.  In this case it is two methyl groups.  Hence, the common name of the given compound is dimethylamine.  Common name for amine must be in a single word.

Hence, option (b) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the common name for the given compound is dimethyl amine...

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