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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

In which of the following pairs of amines are the two members of the pair not constitutional isomers?

  1. a. CH3—NH—CH2—CH2—CH3 and CH3—CH2—NH—CH2—CH3
  2. b. CH3—NH—CH2—CH2—CH3 and CH3—CH2—CH2—CH2—NH2

Chapter 6.4, Problem 2QQ, In which of the following pairs of amines are the two members of the pair not constitutional

  1. c. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given pair of amines, the pair that are not constitutional isomers has to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Constitutional isomers are the compounds which have same molecular formula but they differ only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule.

The two members in option (a) has a molecular formula of C4H11N.  As they both have same molecular formula but different connectivity these two are constitutional isomers.

The two members in option (b) has a molecular formula of C4H11N.  As they both have same molecular formula but different connectivity these two are constitutional isomers.

The two members in option (c) has a molecular formula of C4H11N.  As they both have same molecular formula but different connectivity these two are constitutional isomers.

As all the pairs of compounds are constitutional isomers, option (d) is the correct one

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