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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 1

3. A classic sign of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a skin color that is described as

_______________________________________________________________________.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The given blank space in the statement, “A classic sign of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a skin color that is described as __________,” is to be filled-in.

Introduction:

Carbon monoxide (CO), when taken in excessive amount, forms carboxyhemoglobin by entering into the bloodstream and mixing with the hemoglobin (Hb). This condition is called carbon monoxide poisoning. There are around 25 deaths every year from the accidental carbon monoxide poisoning in England and Wales.

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-1 for further information.

Explanation

Carbon monoxide has a greater affinity toward the hemoglobin molecule than oxygen does. The affinity of bound oxygen toward the hemoglobin increases when the carbon monoxide binds with the hemoglobin. It makes the oxygen unloading difficult and leads to a decrease in arterial oxygenation. There are various mechanisms that counteract the decrease in arterial oxygenation, such as, increased blood pressure, heart rate, and rate of respiration...

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