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Principles of Geotechnical Enginee...

9th Edition
Braja M. Das + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305970939

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Principles of Geotechnical Enginee...

9th Edition
Braja M. Das + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305970939
Textbook Problem

The grain-size analysis data for a sand is given in the following table. Estimate the hydraulic conductivity of the sand at a void ratio of 0.77. Use Eq. (7.30) and SF = 6.5.

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To determine

Find the hydraulic conductivity of the sand at a void ratio of 0.77.

Explanation

Given information:

The given void ratio (e) is 0.77.

The shape factor SF is 6.5.

Calculation:

Determine the fraction between two consecutive sieves for first two sieve numbers using the relation.

Fraction=(%passing)30(%passing)40

Here, (%passing)30 is the percent passing for sieve number 30 and (%passing)40 is the percent passing for sieve number 40.

Substitute 100 for (%passing)30 and 85 for (%passing)40.

(fi)30,40=10085=15

Similarly, calculate the fraction between two consecutive sieves for remaining consecutive sieves.

Summarize the calculated values as in Table (1).

Sieve No.Opening (cm)Percent passingFraction between two
300.0610015
400.042585
21
600.0264
32
1000.01532
29
2000.00753

Determine the fraction between sieve Nos. 30 and 40 using the relation.

Sieve30and40=(fi)30,40Dli0.404×Dsi0.595

Here, Dli is the opening size for larger sieve and Dsi is the opening size for smaller sieve.

Substitute 15 for (fi)30,40, 0.06 cm for Dli, and 0.0425 cm for Dsi.

Sieve30and40=150.060.404×0.04250.595=306.07

Determine the fraction between sieve Nos. 40 and 60 using the relation.

Sieve40and60=(fi)40,60Dli0.404×Dsi0.595

Substitute 21 for (fi)30,40, 0.0425 cm for Dli, and 0.02 cm for Dsi.

Sieve40and60=210.04250.404×0.020.595=771

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