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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 2

Explain why the patient's increased ventilation was a compensatory mechanism to offset the acidic pH.

Summary Introduction

Case summary:

A woman of age 44 years was found unconscious in the living room by her husband. She was quickly taken to a hospital. The vital signs showed that the blood pressure was slightly high, the heart beat was increased, and the blood sugar levels were also elevated.

Characters in the case:

44 year old woman, her husband, and the physician.

Adequate information:

After giving insulin therapy to the patient, the vital signs came down.

To determine:

The reason behind the increased ventilation of the patient as a compensatory mechanism to offset acidic pH (potential of hydrogen).

Explanation

Given information:

In physiology, ventilation is defined as the air that reaches the alveoli in the lungs. It is related with another term known as perfusion, which is defined as the blood that reaches the alveoli. The ventilation to perfusion ratio can be used to monitor the efficiency and working of the respiratory system.

In certain cases, such as increased levels of glucose in the blood, the acids start to accumulate in the blood. This results in a decrease in the pH of the blood...

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