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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

What factors make nutritional requirements higher for an infant who was born at 28 weeks gestation?

  1. a. Preterm birth resulted in reduced body fat and nutrient reserves.
  2. b. Newborn reflexes persist and interfere with oral feeding.
  3. c. Frequent illness and infection increase nutrient needs.
  4. d. The immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract increases energy needs.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Preterm infants have higher nutritional requirements than a normal infant as there development and growth is retarded. Nutrient requirement in preterm infants plays a key role in growth, survival and for maintaining good health.

Explanation

Reason for the correct statement:

Preterm birth resulted in infants who was born at 28-36 weeks gestation. In case premature infants the adequate nutrient is required for proper growth and development. Preterm infant formula contains higher energy and nutrient levels than standard infant formula so it is required for premature infants.

Option a. is given as “Preterm birth resulted in reduced body fat and nutrient reserves.” which is the right statement.

Hence, Option a. is the correct answer.

Reasons for incorrect statements:

Option b. is given as “Newborn reflexes persist and interfere with oral feeding.”

Preterm infant of 28 weeks has a shunted growth and development, due to which nippling action is absent in such an infant...

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