Douglas Mcgregor Essay

  • Psychological Contract Theories of Managing

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    Page 3 B. Based on your theory of management and today’s environment, answer the following questions: a. What blind spots could your theory lead to have? The blind spots of my theory of managing people are related to Theory X and Theory Y. Douglas McGregor, in his 1960 book “The Human side of Enterprise”, stated a fundamental distinction between management styles. He assumed that workers, who behave as Theory X stated, “…dislike work and will avoid it to the extent possible, therefore they must

  • The Role Of Industrial And Organizational Psychology

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    understand their employees and how they are false assumptions to be theories of “human nature”. There is a problem with people “perceiving themselves to be a group”. The Rational Economic Theory, also known as Theory X, was developed and created by Douglas McGregor. The theory assumes that employees are naturally unmotivated and dislike working, and this inspires the need for high authority of management. Employees are only motivated by extrinsic and economic rewards such as receiving a raise or a bonus

  • The Human Relations Movement?

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    with. Here this paper explores how the human relations movement expanded into management styles, which theories impacted the industry, and how management developed into what it is today. Douglas McGregor: Theory X and Theory Y Carson Charles looked at the historical view of Douglas McGregor he says “Douglas McGregor is considered to be in a unique place. He is said to have one foot in the human relations movement and the other in the movement of scholars who advocated a heightened awareness of management’s

  • John Mackey, Cofounder and Co-CEO of Whole Market, Believes in "Conscious Capitalism" (pp. 29 & 30)

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    population They are interested only in security. Has imagination, ingenuity, and creativity. McGregor’s Theory Y (pg. 8- ) In 1960, Douglas McGregor wrote a book entitled The Human Side of Enterprise, which has become an important philosophical base for the modern view of people at work. Drawing on his experience as a management consultant, McGregor formulated two sharply contrasting sets of assumptions about human nature. His Theory X assumptions were pessimistic and negative and, according

  • Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Essay

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    Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Biography of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit, America. In 1895, it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute. The business provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour. The Institute provided shelter, warmth and food to approximately 100 men every year. When Thomas McGregor passed away, his son Murray McGregor (Douglas’s father)

  • Douglas Mcgregor Essay

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    Organizational Behavior 1 June 2010 Douglas McGregor: The Father of Theory X; Theory Y Douglas McGregor is one of the founding fathers of organizational behavior management thinking. As a social psychologist, McGregor is most known for his Theory X and Theory Y from his 1960 book The Human Side of Enterprise, which revolutionized the view on how management should run the workplace. After earning an A B.E. Mechanical from Rangoon Institute of Technology, McGregor went on to earn an A.B. from Wayne

  • Theory X And Theory Of The Open System View

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    time. This paper critically evaluates the theory established by McGregor i.e. Theory X and Theory Y and also theory of The Open System View. The paper will initially introduce to the theory. This will be followed by their contributions and limitations in managing employees today. According to Douglas, human behavior is motivated by the style of managers based on their belief. Theory X and Theory Y The assumption of McGregor depicted that all managers make certain assumptions of human motivation

  • The Seven Lincoln Douglas Debates

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    The Seven Lincoln-Douglas debates were a series of political debates for a Senate seat of Illinois between Abraham Lincoln, Illinois lawyer and the Republican candidate, and Stephen A. Douglas, senator from Illinois since 1847, for the Democratic Party. Lincoln and Douglas held one debate in each in seven congressional districts in Illinois. The first debate was held on August 21, 1858. Ottawa, north-central Illinois, The debates centered on the issue of slavery. Douglas accused Lincoln with trying

  • General Douglas Macarthur : A Visionary Leader Essay

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    Have you ever served under someone that had a great vision but only cared about himself? General Douglas MacArthur was a visionary leader; however, he was an unethical leader due to his relentless drives for success and fame at all costs. We will be examining how MacArthur was able to inspire his people to dream bigger through the full range leadership trait inspirational motivation and idealized influence. We will also be discussing the ethical trap drive for success and lack of identifying the

  • Essay on Tommy Douglas

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    Tommy Douglas Tommy Douglas is one of the most successful politicians Canadians have ever seen. He implemented many social policies and programs in Saskatchewan that were later adopted throughout Canada. Most of his programs continue today and are an integral part of Canadian society. His greatest achievement was his implementation of Medicare in Saskatchewan. Douglas never intended to be a politician but his concern for people drove him to be one. Thomas Douglas was born in Falkirk

  • All that Heaven Allows by Douglas Sirk

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    In the 1950’s the melodrama genre came to age and there is no better example than Douglas Sirk’s All that Heaven Allows. The melodrama followed some basic characteristics which can be identified in the film. First and foremost the narrative of the melodrama focused on the family. All that Heaven Allows follows the narrative of the typical melodrama but at the same time also challenges the social conventions. While Sirk follows many of the key themes he does so in a more detached fashion. The protagonist

  • Douglas Conant : Recipe For A Ceo

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    Douglas Conant: Recipe for a CEO When Douglas Conant left his high profile position at Nabisco and became CEO of Campbell’s Soup Company in 2001, he inherited a company whose products had been a staple in the pantries of consumers since the late nineteenth century. However, despite a strong brand name and wide range of products, the company faced a slipping economy, tough competition, and a broken internal infrastructure. The organizational culture at Campbell’s was extremely weak, forcing Conant

  • Analysis Of Les Mills New Zealand

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    many aspects of the modern fitness industry and are at the forefront worldwide. This report will discuss relevant management techniques and theories that relate to Les Mills current situation. ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR McGREGOR’S X AND Y THEORY McGregors X and Y theory are his model that he used to urge managers to move away from the set of assumptions he called Theory X (people dislike work, lack ambition, prefer to be led than lead) and towards Theory Y. Theory Y assumes people are willing to work

  • Analysis Of Douglas Mcgregor 's Theory X And Y

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    Assessment 1 dealt with Managerial Assumptions. This assessment will give insight in my orientation toward Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Y. ACCEL (2016), McGregor’s theories X and Y are based on social science research which has been carried out, and demonstrate the potential which is present in an individual that organizations should recognize in order to become more effective. McGregor sees these two theories as two quite separate attitudes. Theory Y is difficult to put into practice on the

  • Lincoln-Douglas Debate Essay examples

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    place in history arguably leaves an effect that lasts much longer than just the initial outcome. The Lincoln Douglas Debates are by far one of the truest examples of this happening. The seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas that took place in 1858 had extreme importance in Illinois that created effects that decided the presidential election of 1860. The Lincoln Douglas debates were a series of several debates that took place all over the state of Illinois. In these debates, two

  • douglas and mcgregors theories

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    street thinking about love, art or the meaning of life, you will revert quickly to the self-protection level if you see an ominous-looking gang of young men headed your way. Douglas McGregor, an American social psychologist, proposed his famous X-Y theory in his 1960 book 'The Human Side Of Enterprise '. McGregor 's ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. Many managers tend towards theory x, and generally get poor results. Enlightened managers use theory

  • Leadership Style : Douglas Mcgregor 's Theory X

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    autocratic leadership in terms of the four key characteristics of the theory and the way autocratic leadership can manifest, it’s auspicious to consider the theoretical basis of the leadership style: Douglas McGregor’s Theory X. Theory X Autocratic leadership style closely rests on the assumptions made in Douglas McGregor’s Theory X. The theory explains why people behave the way they do and if they are acting in a particular way, what kind of leadership style would be beneficial for them The social psychologist

  • Douglas Mcgregor

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    Biographical Sketch of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor (1906 – 1964) is one of the forefathers of contemporary management thinking. A social psychologist, he is most notably known for his Theory X and Theory Y from his 1960 book, The Human Side of Enterprise, which had a profound influence on the management field. A B.E. Mechanical from Rangoon Institute of Technology, he then earned an A.B. from Wayne State University, and went on to study Psychology at Harvard University. Armed with

  • Motivation Theory X And Theory

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    theories go back to the turn of the century and in some cases are considered by the uninformed to be simply fads which come and go. As I have discovered, these theories are rather the steps on a ladder which continually takes us higher and higher. Douglas McGregor in his book, "The Human Side of Enterprise" published in 1960 has examined theories on behavior of individuals at work, and he has formulated two models which he calls Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X Assumptions The average human being has an

  • The Theory X And Theory Y

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    Douglas McGregor, a social psychologist in the 1960’s, developed two theories for workplace employees (Theory X and Theory Y, 1996-2016). Theory X describes employees as unmotivated, irresponsible, they need to be controlled, and they dislike working. Theory Y describes employees as responsible, enthusiastic, motivated, and imaginative. As an employee, not in a Management position, I can say I appreciate a manager who follows the Theory Y description. Since I feel that way as an employee, I will

  • The Theory X And Theory Y Essay

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    organization is a key element in encouraging and ensuring that employees to produce desired results. Some employees usually take great pride in their work and obtain satisfaction from performing their duties well. Such employees are innately motivated (Douglas McGregor: Theory X and Theory Y, 2015). Other employees are never proud of their work. They simply work because they believe that they cannot survive without their jobs. Such employees are externally motivated (they require an outside force to compel

  • How Far can Individuals Influence an Orgnization's Culture

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    around yourself, their vision tasks associates, followers and their personal example giving the originality of this group. One of the theories which examine how individuals can influence an organization culture and organization work. According to Douglas McGregor (1960), who examined theories on the behaviour of individuals and formulated two models which he calls Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X introduced that the average human being an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if he can. In such

  • Theory X, Theory Y

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    Theory X, Theory Y by Douglas McGregor is a motivation theory. Douglas McGregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called Theory X and Theory Y. His theory is based on managerial views of human beings. In his book, The Human Side of Enterprise, he outlined a new role for managers. He stated that managers should assist subordinates in reaching their full potential, rather than commanding and controlling. Theory X is negative and Theory Y can

  • I/O Psychology in the Movie Office Space

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    Application of I/O McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Human relations theories view organizational life from a personal or human aspect that considers the relationship between organizations requirements and the characteristics of its members. Douglas McGregor proposed that the beliefs managers hold about their subordinates influences their behavior toward those subordinates. In his theory, he described two contrasting beliefs and labeled them Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X managers believe subordinates

  • Douglas Mawson : The Top Of The Pack

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    With regards to toughness, Douglas Mawson was at the top of the pack. He was tall, lean, and muscular. Strong-minded and keen for a challenge, Mawson landed in Antarctica to take on the toughest conditions the world had to offer. From his landing in 1907, Mawson had accomplished several historic feats. He joined a team and traveled to the South Magnetic Pole, and had been the first to climb Mount Erebus. In his mind, he was untouchable. In his mind, Antarctica was defeated; another notch on

  • What Are The Five Major Models Of Organizations That Characterized Employees?

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    conditions. The leader must illuminate the organization’s goals and objectives. To be effective the leader has to remind employees the goals and the strategy. A good understanding of the worker is necessary for an understanding of motivation. Douglas McGregor was an American social psychologist (Highhouse, 2014). Abraham Maslow mainly influenced McGregor’s ideas. In 1957, he exhibited a persuading contention that most administration activities stream specifically from whatever hypothesis of human

  • The Human Side Of Enterprise

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    Introduction In Douglas McGregor’s The Human Side of Enterprise (2006) brings attention to the managerial assumption of human behaviors. McGregor explains that there are two groups that the manager’s assumption falls under and they are Theory X or Theory Y. Theses theories were developed in the 1960’s at MIT Sloan School of management. Both theories describe a dissimilar organizational motivation. In the book, McGregor explains that managers who use the Theory X style assume that their employees

  • Theory X And Y : Theories

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    M Indira Ananda 4005168 Individual Assignment Theory X and Y are theories founded by Douglas McGregor, a professor from MIT Sloan School of Management, which are inscribed in his book, “The Human Side of Enterprise” in 1960. This essay will explain about the theories used in human resources, which according to McGregor are vital in the success of one’s company. Theory X is the theory who assume people to dislike work or just want to work if they received orders from superiors. While the theory

  • McGregor and Big Sandy Lake, Minnesota Essays

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    McGregor and Big Sandy Lake, Minnesota My favorite place to be would be the city and are of McGregor Minnesota. About eight miles north of the small town is Big Sandy Lake, which is where my cabin is located. This is truly my favorite place to be, especially during the warm summer months. McGregor, a small town of only about four hundred people, is located in a wooded area with many lakes, streams and river. The biggest lake is Big Sandy and is approximately seven thousand acres of water

  • Hi Hi Hi Hi

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    21. | Total quality management (TQM) is defined as continuous, customer-centered, employee-driven improvement.    True    False |   22. | Total quality management is in the corporate DNA today thanks in large part to the pioneering work of Douglas McGregor.    True    False |   23. | Total quality management need not be necessarily employee driven.    True    False |   24. | In successful improvement programs, total quality management principles are embedded in the organization's culture.   

  • Analysis Of Douglas Mcgregor 's Theory And Management Theory

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    Douglas McGregor has become known as one of the most influential people who studied how workers behaviors affect the managers’ leadership strategy. McGregor was a pioneer in behavioral management theory paying attention to how to become more efficient and effective. During his research he proposed two sets of assumptions about how work attitudes and behaviors not only dominate the way managers think but also affect how they behave in organizations. Douglas McGregor coined these assumptions as

  • A Great Military Leader, Douglas Macarthur

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    Douglas MacArthur A great military leader… 8/30/2009 PADM 4400 Summer 2009 John Thompson The research paper enclosed is one that focuses on a great military leader, Douglas MacArthur. This leader was a household name in the United States during World War I, World War II, the Cold War and the Korean War. His name was synonymous with “Power” and “influence,” during the 40’s. He became known for his great strategic battles that ultimately won World War II for the United States and its allies.

  • Employee Motivation Is A Feedback Loop Between External And Internal Activities

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    resources, by directing and controlling employee behavior (McGregor, 2000, p.2). • Humans by nature lack the ability to motivate themselves in the absence of the manager’s pressure and leadership (McGregor, 2000, p.2). • Without the intervention of management employee will only do the bare minimum required of them (McGregor, 2000, p. 2). • Employees are lacking of “ambition”, disliking of “responsibility” and prefer “to be led” (McGregor, 2000, p.2). • Employees will not willingly engage in activities

  • Management in the 1900s were developed from two types of style theories. Douglas McGregor

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    theories. Douglas McGregor (1906–1964) had become frustrated with the early simplistic human relations notions while president of Antioch College in Ohio (Draft, 2013, p.47). McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y(Draft, 2013, p.47). Theory X tends to be “old-style” management, and Theory Y “new-style,” because the styles are based on different assumptions about people (Draft, 2013, p.37). Strong Theory X assumptions are typically considered inappropriate for today's workplace. McGregor proposed

  • Leadership Theory X And Theory Y

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    Leadership was initially introduce be leadership expert and presidential biographer James McGregor Burns (About, 2015). This type of leadership requires for leaders and followers to have a connection like no other where mutual respect and trust has to be the foundation of the working relationship. The idea is that in the end everyone results benefited in one way or another. A different approach on leadership is Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. Managers who get involved with Theory X believe that

  • The Human Side Of Enterprise

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    someone who would not normally think of himself or herself as being of that school. Consequently, it is fair to say that each generation has added something to the overall debate on leadership and that the debate continues.’ (Van Maurik 2001) Douglas Mcgregor, an American social psychologised developed the X-Y theory in his 1960 book ‘The human side of enterprise’. The X-Y theory still remains central to the development of an organisation, helping managers to develop positive management styles and

  • Mcgregor Theory X

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    In 1960, Douglas McGregor an American psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice. He proposed two sets of assumptions about employee 's attitude and behaviour, so the manager will be in a better position to manage the workers and achieve organizational goals. McGregor named these assumptions as Theory X and Theory This essay would examine the pros and cons of this theory of employee motivation, followed by writer 's opinion. (McGregor, 1960)

  • Synthesis Essay - General Douglas Macarthur

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    Synthesis Essay – General Douglas MacArthur MSgt Court Sartain Air Force Senior Noncommissioned Officer Academy GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR Often times when people talk about General Douglas MacArthur, they tend to think of a great military leader of the World War Two (WWII) or the Korean War. General MacArthur once said, “A true leader has the confidence to stand alone, the courage to make tough decisions, and the compassion to listen to the needs of others. He does not set

  • A Critical Incident At The Dunmore Senior Center

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    employees. Also, the leader motivate his employees by involve them in the decision making and planning of the facility (Greene‏, 2012). Behavior theory The behavior theory of organization is theory Y by Douglas McGregor. This theory is the mostly fitting the standards of the facility and management. McGregor define the managers of this theory to being confident of their employee’s ability. Also, they believe that the employees have high creativity for the work (Adair‏, 2011). Thoughts, feelings and concerns

  • Douglas MacArthur Essay

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    Douglas MacArthur was a US soldier, born in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. The son of a Union army hero during the Civil War (they are the only father and son to win the Congressional Medal of Honor) and a mother ambitious for his success, he trained at West Point (1903), rose steadily in the army, and demonstrated his bravado on a secret mission to Mexico (1914). In World War 1 he commanded a brigade in combat in France (1918), where he earned a reputation for bravery (wounded three times) as well

  • The Theory X And Theory Essay

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    should choose for the current regulatory environment. Both Douglas McGregor 's Theory X and Theory Y have their strengths and its weaknesses. One of the advantages that this theory is quite understandable. On the other hand, it can help managers focus on two different types of individuals: individual work and personal hate willing to work. Because of the weaknesses and shortcomings, the theory can hardly be used right now. According to McGregor, theory X assumes people dislike work, lack ambition, are

  • The Theory and Practice of Spin-Out Management Essay

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    the advantage of the parental organization. (Chesbrough, 2003) Spin-outs ongoing as internal startups will only earn earnings from cost advantages in the long run. (Jagersma, 1997) Motivation: The Not-So-Secret Ingredient of High Performance McGregor, D. (1960), an American social psychologist, predictable his renowned X-Y theory in his 1960 book 'The Human Side of Enterprise'. Theory x and theory y are still denoted normally in the field of administration and stimulus, and even as more recent

  • The Neoclassical Organizational Theory Essay

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    The behavioral movement was designed to help employees find satisfaction in their jobs. The pioneers of the behavior movement, Abraham Maslow, Douglas McGregor, Frederick Herzberg and David McClelland, all researched for ways to help motivate employees based on their individual skills, capabilities and needs (Hindle, 2008). In the 1960s, Douglas McGregor developed two contrasting theories on human motivation called Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X assumes that the average employee is lazy, has an

  • Motivation at Work Essay

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    examples is the promotion of senior managers to managerial positions. In this instance the desire of the employee in question has been fulfilled and soon their desire will advance and they may start looking for further responsibility. Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Y. In his book , The Human Side of Enterprise, he put forward two extreme views about the way in which organisations manage their employees. He called theses 'Theory X' and 'Theory Y'. 'Theory X' states


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    their relationship with their employees at the time they make this decision. If the employees who currently work for management are not “self-energized, committed, responsible and creative beings” (Kinicki, 2012) (or any combination thereof) like McGregor assumes, they will not be able to jump in to some of the activities that leading organizations are doing. Managers will need to understand that if they developed an environment where management is superior and the employees are workers, any part

  • The Pactice of Management

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    their workers. Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y is the another theory which may facilitate to the various present management problems of Amazon. Douglas McGregor, an American social psychologist, proposed his famous X-Y theory in his 1960 book 'The Human Side Of Enterprise'. Theory X and theory Y are still valid within the field of management and motivation. McGregor's X &Y Theory remains central to organizational development, and to improving organizational culture. McGregor classified managers

  • The Human Side Of Enterprise

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    Douglas McGregor was an American professor and psychologist who is most famous for his book, The Human Side of Enterprise, published in 1960. In this work, he conceives and examines two theories of behaviors in the workplace. They are known as Theory X and Theory Y. These distinct theories describe how individuals generally behave at work and how different types of managers might govern their employees. They have been used over the years to help managers to understand their employees’ needs, behavior

  • Team Work And Team Effectiveness

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    employees and the employers, incentive pay, production control, salary administration, quality control, operations research, profit sharing, R&D and preventive maintenance that hold the potential to keep staff motivated and collaborative. Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was well-known for his theories X and Y. That is the manager make about employee and how these assumptions affect their behavior. Theory X represent that the managers tend to presume that workers are being lazy, and they don’t like their

  • The Human Side Of Enterprise By Douglas Mcgregor Essay

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    contribution to the way managers operate in different organizations. Douglas McGregor is perhaps one of the most interesting theorists in my opinion because he chose to approach management from two different perspectives. Douglas McGregor created two distinct assumptions about the employee. He called his assumptions Theory X and Theory Y. Douglas McGregor wrote a book, The Human Side of Enterprise, which was published in 1960. In this book McGregor goes into great detail describing his management theories,

  • Swot Analysis : The Brookdale Centre

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    understanding individual needs of staff members can be used to help motivate them so they can reach the top of the hierarchy of having a self-worth and feeling accomplished with what they have achieved within their job. MCGREGOR’S XY THEORY: Douglas McGregor developed the XY theory through observation of different management styles, through his research he came up with theory x which looks at managers with an autocratic leadership style and theory y which looks at managers with a democratic leadership