John Searle Essay

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    John Searle is an American philosopher who was known for creating the thought experiment, the Chinese room for challenging the idea of strong AI and functionalism. Searle’s work, Minds, Brains and Programs introduces the Chinese room and refutes some objections to the points he brings up. The Chinese room was created in order to refute the idea of strong AI and the functionalist theory of mind and is described as follows. Imagine a computer program that can be told a short story and make inferences

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    In “Minds, Brains and Programs” by John R. Searle exposed his opinion about how computers can not have Artificial intelligence (Al). Searle portraits this claim about computers through an experiment he created called the “Chinese Room” where he shows that computers are not independent operating systems and that they do not have minds. In order to understand better the experiment Searle demonstrates the contrast between strong and weak Al, which later through my paper I will explain what this means

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    programs The Chinese Room is a mental experiment, originally proposed by John Searle and popularized by Roger Penrose, which attempts to counter the validity of the Turing Test and the belief that a machine can come to think. Searle faces the analogy between mind and computer when it comes to addressing the issue of consciousness. The mind involves not only the manipulation of symbols, but also has a syntax and a semantics. Searle in his Mind, Brain and programs text, attacks this thought, and with the

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    John Searle

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    In Minds, Brains, and Programs, John Searle provided various counterarguments to the proposition that strong artificial intelligence is similar to human cognition and that machines are able to have similar cognitive experiences as humans, such as having intentions, as long as it has the right program. The purpose of this article was to demonstrate opposing approaches, which outlined that the theory of strong AI is flawed. The author did this by providing examples of how to disqualify the support

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    John Searles Summary

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    Searles argues with his main concept of the Chinese Room, an experiment Prove his main claim that Strong AI must be actually a real (human) brain to work. I will argue against this to show StrongAi can be possible as long it starts to create rules and not responses. (Words - 49) Artificial Inelegance topic has captivated the minds of researches and common people alike. The use of AI comes into being as to try to understand our own brain and create a thinking machine. To begin the topic, one must

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    John Searle first proposed the argument known as The Chinese Room Argument in a book he wrote in 1984. The argument is well known if not famous and has become one of the best-know arguments in recent philosophy. Searle imagines himself locked in a room following a computer program for responding to questions written in Chinese characters slipped under the door. Searle does not understand Chinese writing, but he can follow the computer program to manipulate symbols and numerals to easily respond to

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    Johnson Lai (400014979) TA: Andrew Lavigne Philos 1E03 Searle 's Chinese Room The Turing Test is a test described by Alan Turing to define whether a robot has indistinguishable human intelligence or behaviour. John Searle attempts to disprove the theory of the Turing Test through his Chinese Room thought experiment. In this experiment, Searle proposes that a man unwittingly communicates to a native speaker through the use of a program. Searle presents the prepositions that artificial intelligence

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    A Functionalism is the theory that what makes something a mental state depends on its function or role in the cognitive system, instead of its internal constitution. To put it another way, functionalism holds that mental states correspond to functional states. Functionalism is the offspring of both identity theory and behaviorism, and comes in a few different flavors. For example, there is machine functionalism, psycho-functionalism, analytic functionalism, role-functionalism and realizer-functionalism

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    Topic Briefly reconstruct John Searle's argument against the Turing Test as a measure of intelligence and discuss whether or not you agree with Searle's conclusion that algorithmic machines lack understanding. Why do you agree or disagree? Your paper should be 5 double spaced pages with no more than 12-point type. Requirements: 2 citations max: Searle and Turing Backup every statement! Say if I agree or not right off the bat, this isn’t a joke, don’t leave a hanging punchline First-person Writing

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    In Minds, Brains, and Programs John Searle objects to Computational Theory of Mind (CTM), particularly that running a program on a computer and manipulating symbols does not mean that the computer has understanding, or more generally a mind. In this paper I will first explain Searle’s Chinese Room, then I will explain CTM and how it relates to the Chinese Room. Following this I will describe how the Chinese Room attacks the CTM. Next I will explain the Systems Reply to the Chinese Room and how

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