Educational Philosophy as Social Problem
January 5, 2017
OU Advanced Programs
In this paper I am discussing the social problem of education. In the present educational system, educators are not sure which method to use to teach children. Here I am reviewing four different philosophies. Which have pieces that are still used today; these scholastic theories have great controversy. The first is perennialism, this philosophy had emphasis on traditional education and spiritual growth. They believed the highest goal of education one could attain was a union with God. The second philosophy is…show more content… Last, is Reconstructionism; the education is the principle means for building a better social order. Some of the educational philosophies have some principles in common. What they all have in common is teaching a child to live life by using knowledge, whether it be past influences or modern attributes. Which viewpoint is the best educational philosophy?
One important educational philosophy is perennialism. This belief focused on teaching, and students listening to lecture during which sitting in a desk. It had a traditional curriculum while preserving the past, and the student was obedient to the authority.
In 1963, Richard Maynard Hutchings, developed A Great Books program, and later Mortimer Adler developed a curriculum to teach perennialism principles. These principles had an emphasis on traditional education; they believed some ideas were timeless. This theory believed people spiritual life came first, and workers second, if at all, one should teach liberal topics first, then occupational topics. It was teacher centered; she/he was the coach for the students. Perennialism trusted that school was to connect with God by developing a spiritual nature for one self. This philosophy thought that teaching something worthwhile, and meaningful was for the best growth of the child. Those principles were getting the child ready through fixed truths related to God. Their highest goal of education was a union with