A Study On High Blood Sugar Essay

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Diabetes is a group or a collection of metabolic-based diseases which are linked to the level of blood sugar in the body. The most common situation or complication in diabetes is high blood sugar in the body which is caused by lack of enough insulin in the body to control and regulate the amount of glucose in the blood stream. It can also be caused by the failure of the body cells to respond to the produced insulin by the pancreas (World Health Organization 2006). Insulin is a renowned peptide hormone which is produced in the pancreas through the action of the beta cells of the pancreatic islets. The major function of the insulin in metabolism is to promote the absorption of glucose from the bloodstream into liver cells and the skeletal muscle cells (Assad at el. 2001). High blood sugar has various short-term symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, and increased hunger. It is a disease which if left untreated can result in more long-term diseases and complications such as heart diseases, stroke, hyperosmolar nonketotic coma, foot ulcers, diabetic ketoacidosis, damage to the eyes and death. However, the disease is highly manageable through healthy diet, normal body weight, avoiding tobacco use, physical practices and insulin injection for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Evidently, Diabetes has a direct frequency relationship with human evolution through a change in human diet and lifestyle; due to this relationship, none-organic factors have had a negative effect
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