Essay on Case Study

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Sam: A Case Study

Sam is a ten year old boy diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). “A person with PDD-NOS is given the diagnosis because they have some but not all characteristics of autism or who has relatively mild symptoms” (Autism Speaks, 2013). PDD-NOS is a general category used to describe a pattern of behavioral differences (which may include deviations, excesses, or difficulties) in the areas of social relating, communication, and attention/interest. The diagnosis of PDD-NOS may also be applied if the child exhibits a variety of symptoms associated with Autism, but in an unusual pattern (Emory Autism Center, 2013). Sam was diagnosed with PDD-NOS, rather than autism. Sam did not
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Since it was noted Sam likes to role play I would I would set up a learning station of Role plays. I can role play the typical situations Sam may be having trouble with such as: initiating a conversation, joining in another child's activity, or inviting another child to play a game. I would role play these situations for Sam and allow him to role play as well. Role play may give Sam the time needed to work through these and hopefully increase his social skills with practice. If I were Sam’s teacher I would need to make sure to have a structured routine set in place and provide clear, concrete verbal and visual directions. I would give directions one step at a time. Also, I would also arrange for Sam to receive occupational therapy for his gross and fine motor deficiency. I would also closely monitor Sam’s progress and percentage of time he spent in the general education setting and grant him more time in accordance with his progress.

References
Characteristics of Autism and the Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) (n.d.). In Emory
Autism Center. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://www.psychiatry.emory.edu/PROGRAMS/autism/pdd.html. Koyama, T., Kurita, H. (2008). Cognitive Profile: Differences between normally
Intelligent children with Asperger’s Disorder and those with PDD-NOS. Journal of
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62, 691-696.
PDD-NOS (n.d.). In Autism Speaks. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from

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