Cognitive Theories Of Cognitive Behavioral Theories

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Cognitive-behavioral theories theorize that human behavior is caused by internal or mental events, and in addition to external events proposed by behavioral theories. Research suggests that cognitive-behavioral theories have shifted their focus, as seen in the first, second, and third waves of the theories. For example, initially the focus of cognitive theories was on identifying and changing maladaptive thoughts. However, recent models of cognitive theories seek to help people evaluate, and change their thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions. In addition, these newer models of cognitive-behavioral theories seek to help clients understand the interactional nature of their thoughts and behaviors (Jones & Butman, 2012). Conversely, at the core of cognitive-behavioral theories is the assumption that human behavior is affected by cognitive activities. In addition, cognitive-behavioral therapists theorize that human behavior can be monitored and altered, and also human behavior can be changed through rational change (Hersen & Gross, 2008). Philosophical Assumptions Studies show that cognitive-behavioral theories do not have explicit philosophical assumption. However, concepts of cognitive behavioral theory are associated with assumptions from a critical rationalism standpoint. At the core of critical rationalism is the belief that knowledge is only gained by falsifying hypotheses derived from scientific theories. Overall, knowledge is seen as objective and not subjective.
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