Diabetes: A Deadly, Disabling, and Costly Disease

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Diabetes is one of the most deadly, disabling, and costly diseases facing the nation at this time and the disease continues to be on the rise at epidemic proportions. Women tend to be hardest hit by diabetes with 9.6 million women having diabetes. This represents 8.8% of the adult population of women 18 years of age and older in 2003 and a two fold increase from 1995 (4.7%). Women of minority racial and ethnic groups have the highest prevalence rates with two to four times the rates of the white population. With the increased growth of minority populations, the number of women in these groups who are diagnosed will increase significantly in the coming years (Diabetes Sisters). By 2050, the projected number of all persons with diabetes will have increased from 17 million to 29 million (Chennai diabetes Centre). Some people may be able to control their type 2, diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercises, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type two diabetes is typically a progressive disease - it gradually gets worse - and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form. Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that can

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