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Diabetes Is A Chronic Disease

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Introduction
Diabetes (Diabetes mellitus) is a chronic disease caused by number of reasons. Diabetic patients are characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood in sugar) resulting from defect of insulin secretion (Mellitus, 2005). World Health Organization (2008) defined the Diabetes untreated disease, known by chronic rise of the concentration of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Glucose is a major source of energy in our body; food converts to fats, protein, and carbohydrates. Carbohydrates during eating convert to glucose. The glucose is the source of energy in the body. The World Health Organization (2008) estimates 171 million people in the world with diabetes in 2000 and the number will increase to 366 million by 2030.
Types of Diabetes
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Some women have high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose (Mellitus, 2005).

Diagnosis

There are many ways to diagnose the diabetes. First, by measuring the glucose levels in blood. When the patient does not eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours, the test usually is done. It is done usually early in morning before breakfast (WHO.2008). The normal fasting blood sugar in healthy people is 80 – 90 mg/dl compere diabetic patient is 126 mg/dl (Diabetes Association, 2008). Second , the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The OGTT is a two-hour test that checks your blood sugar levels before and after two hours of drinking a special sugared drink. The blood sugar in healthy people is 80 – 139 mg/dl compere diabetic patient is 200 mg/dl (Diabetes Association, 2008). Third, by doing a random plasma glucose test. In this test, blood is checked at any time of day if the glucose is higher than 200 mg/dl.
Symptoms
The common symptoms of diabetes are a rise in urination (polyuria) and thirst (polydipsia) and tiredness (WHO, 2008). Diabetes symptoms differ according to the type of diabetes. The common symptoms in type one diabetes are unexpected weight loss, Fatigue or tiredness, blurred vision, itching skin, nausea, dry mouth, vomiting and in woman, frequent vaginal infection . The common
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