Diabetes Mellitus : Type 1, Type 2, And Gestational Diabetes

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Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, also known commonly as diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the body doesn’t produce or misuses insulin in the body. There are different classifications of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 is when the body does not produce any insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 is when the body doesn’t use insulin properly and can develop in anyone and seen at any age. Both types require strict management which can range from medications to diet. If it’s not managed correctly, it can lead to a diabetic coma or even death (Diabetes Basics, n.d.).
Definition of the disease According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistant, or your body does not use insulin properly (Facts About Type 2, 2014). The body’s pancreas over produces insulin to make up for the misusage of it but overtime pancreas over works and can’t keep up with regulating normal blood glucose levels.
History of the Disease Diabetes mellitus was first discovered in 1910 by Sir Edward Albert Sharper-Schafer after studying the pancreas. In 1949, insulin is discovered to help in the transporting process of glucose into the cells and in the same year the insulin syringe is designed and approved. A year later, the American Dietetic Association and the U.S. Public Health Service develop a meal planner and food exchanges. Type 2 diabetes isn’t recognize until 1959 when two doctors realize the some

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