YFormal and Informal Communications
A distinction needs to be made between formal and informal communications. Formal communication implies that a record is kept, that what has been said or written can be attributed to its originator.
In general, written communications are formal.
Oral (spoken) communication consists of direct or transmitted speech between two or more people. Oral communications are more likely to be misinterpreted than written ones, were regarded as informal but are now often recorded and treated as formal. Missing from such recordings is the body language consisting of facial expressions and gestures. Consider an informal chat by telephone getting comments on matters of joint concern before producing a final report. Important …show more content…
• Ideas: A thought to be presented as a suggestion.
• Opinion: The view somebody takes about a certain issue, especially when it is based solely on personal judgement.
These can be obtained from a conversation by asking who, what, when, why and how questions. During a conversation we need to check the following to convey the correct meaning and information:
Intonation Intonation is the rising or falling pitch of the voice when somebody says a word or syllable, or the rising and falling pattern of speech generally
Volume Volume is the acoustics / the loudness of a sound during speech.
Rhythm Rhythm is the language and the pattern of sound that characterises a language, dialect, or accent.
Pitch Pitch: how high or low a person’s voice is during a conversation
Repetition Repetition: something that is repeated, often unnecessary words
Support Support: Giving an idea in a conversation that the other party has your support or agreement
Speaker’s Influence on the audience
A speaker can influence readers by the following:
1. Choice of words, language usage, symbols, pictures and tone: The basic language a speaker uses can convince or catch the interest of the
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Formal communication can be a piece of writing or be communicated verbally, for example, by an email or a letter. In some cases, different methods might be used to send the information across and make sure that it is understood fully.
People can communicate in many different ways, verbal (talking), Written (email, memo, posters), body language/gestures (the way they react when been given information), their facial expression, eye contact, sigh language and behavior. People communicate to one another on a day to day basis. People may communicate to each other for different reasons such as: Creating a relationship, keeping a stable relationship, 'chit chat', giving/receiving information or expressing ideas, thoughts or concerns.
People communicate for a number of reasons, for example, to express emotions (i.e. sadness, happiness and anger), pain, personal opinions, to relay information with regards to an individual’s health, personal preferences such as religion, sexual or culture and also to obtain knowledge or information on any given subject; communication can also be viewed as a learning experience. Communication can be informal or formal depending on the circumstances. For example; formal communication would occur in professional settings,
phonology - rules relating to the sounds of words and their constituent vowels and consonants.
Formal communication is used in a professional setting where members of staff are required to speak in a certain way that can be seen to be acceptable and respectful. Which speaking in this way allows them to be understood by the majority of people therefore it doesn't create communication barriers such as the way jargon might do. An Health and Social example is When a Doctor uses formal language when speaking to a patient (service user). They tend to greet and address them in a respectful way by using names such as '' Mrs or Mr '' to show how much they value the service user. In this instance, the service user will feel appreciate and wanted. Formal communication is effective in the sense that it's seen as professional but it can also have
Persuasive Communication. This refers to proposals or applications for a grant, funding, or partnership. Lines should be convincing and positive to make an impression and hook the recipient to consider or act on the plan.
Formal communication would be used by professionals talking to other professionals, in a reception area and in a meeting. Formal communication is effective in these circumstances as you’re more likely to be taken seriously.
Communication – Transmission of thoughts, feelings or information via body language, signals, speech, writing or behaviour.
Another type of verbal communication is selection of appropriate language. This is the use of formal language, informal language, avoiding slang or regional word as appropriate. If you were just talking with your friends or colleagues then you may use informal language because you are familiar with the people but, if you were talking to a service user or client then you would use formal language because you have to be professional within the workplace. You would not use slang with them or regional words because they may not be able to understand what you are saying and it is not professional to use this type of language. Another form of verbal communication is age
Intonation is the level of stress you place on certain words which ultimately effect/ change the meaning of what is being said.
The title of chapter 2 is “The Phonological Component: Phonetics”, this chapter is all about how God made our mouth and our bodies to make specific sounds to create words. This chapter goes through how we have certain parts in our body that helps us make vowels and consonants so that we can connect words and make sentences. I thought this chapter was interesting because it goes into detail about things that I would have never thought of until reading it. When you speak, you do not realize how much is actually going on in your body. First, the chapter talks about how there are certain “shapes” that are needed to articulate some words. Speech sounds are initiated by an air-stream. When that air-stream going into the vocal chords, the vibration
10. Define the musical term rhythm in the most general sense of the word. What is meant by a reference to specific rhythms? Rhythm in the most general sense in a series or repetition of sounds and, movement that create a beat or a dance. Have you ever bobbed your head or tapped your foot to a song? this most likely the cause of a rhythm or some times more commonly known as a beat. Lets take rap music as an example. if you listen to any song there is a constant repetition or sound that is a rhythm or a beat. this rhythm or beat is used in songs to keep people intrigued and want to listen to the song more and share it with there friends. For performing music a rhythm or beat is used to be able to follow easily like playing the guitar. if you