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Living with Kidney Disease

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Living With Kidney Dialysis
There are two kidneys, each about the size of a fist, located on either side of the spine at the lowest level of the rib cage in the human body. Each kidney contains up to a million functioning units called nephrons (CJASN). A nephron consists of a filtering unit of tiny blood vessels called a glomerulus attached to a tubule, is a general anatomical term referring to any portion of the tubule of the nephron or of the collection duct system of the kidney (American Society of Nephrology). More specifically referring to that part of the nephron distal to the renal corpuscle and glomerulus and consisting of the proximal convoluted tubule. The loop of the nephron and the distal convoluted tubule; these tubules are lined with a simple, usually cuboidal, epithelium and they use a variety of passive and active transport mechanisms to modify the composition of the plasma filtrate derived from the renal corpuscle and glomerulus converting it into urine. When blood enters the glomerulus, it is filtered and the remaining fluid then passes along the tubule. In the tubule, chemicals and water are either added to or removed from this filtered fluid according to the body's needs, the final product being the urine we excrete (American Society of Nephrology). Kidney disease can be triggered by many factors: diabetes, high blood pressure, congenital abnormalities as well as genetics (National Kidney Foundation). Different ethnicities also have a higher rate of
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