Rational Decision Making Analysis

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Are we living in the market or the polis model? Stone from policy paradox argues against the main view of policy choice as rational choice. The rational model stems from the market-based model of society. With this model, the decision-maker goes through logical steps to make their decision. Stone argues that this process is missing the point because politics is everything and I agree because whatever we do has an opportunity cost. Even in the rational model, decisions are ultimately political with the steps serving as rationalizations for the preferred choice. Market failure occurs when individuals cannot use the rational decision-making process or when using the rational decision-making process does not lead to optimal societal outcomes.…show more content…
Evaluators need to determine the design, approach and data collection methods to use for an evaluation. It is important to consider cultural context throughout the design and implementation. This describe how to match evaluation approaches to information needs, identify key contextual elements shaping the use of evaluation, produce the methodological rigor needed to support credible findings, and design responsive and useful evaluations. The evaluation process takes time and many moving parts. Communication and goals have to be clear from the beginning. It is essential to maintain an open line of communication and building trusting relationships with the organizations we work with while conducting evaluation of programs. It will be important for me to remain true and committed to my values when designing and implementing evaluation plans as well as following the guiding principles of the American Evaluation Association (AEA) that include: systematic inquiry, competency, responsibility for general and public welfare, integrity and honesty, and respect to promote the health of individuals, groups and organizations I work with. The strength of findings, conclusions, and recommendations about program implementation and results depends on factual decisions regarding evaluation design and measurement. The chapter targets getting the most appropriate and reliable measures for a given evaluation and then on designing the evaluation to assess the extent to which the program being evaluated affected the measured outcomes. Evaluation findings possess generalizability when they can be applied beyond the groups or context being studied. With quantitative data collection the ability to generalize findings from a statistical sample to a larger population refers to statistical
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