The Importance of Management for the Success of an Organization

2750 WordsJan 29, 201811 Pages
Management is crucial to the success of any organization. An organization is required to marshal and control a group of people, guiding them toward optimal utilization of its resources – especially human—as it attempts to actualize its ultimate goals. Given the importance and subjectivity of management, several theories and techniques have emerged. In this essay I will discuss the ‘rational’ approach towards management. I will trace and examine the historical developments that have led to the emergence of the ‘rational’ approach over the past centuries. I will then explain ‘organizational change’, which is my chosen theme for this essay and compare it to rationalization. Lastly, I will apply these topics to the running case study of Junction Hotel, through which the pros and cons of rationalization will be outlined for an organization that is looking to cut costs. Historically, the emergence of rationalization can be taken back to the eighteenth century where much was learned from the military during the times of Fredrick the Great of Prussia (1712-1786). His innovations revolved around shaping his soldiers into automated toys. Hence, he introduced ranks and uniforms, standardized regulations and equipment, increased specialization of tasks, created a command language and carried out systematic training that involved army drills. During the nineteenth century, there were a few additions, especially when Charles Babbage (1791-1871), an English polymath stressed on the
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