The Major Causes And Consequences Of Migration In India

1485 Words6 Pages
During early days people used to move from one forest to another in search of forest products. When most of people divorced forest life and adopted civilized life they developed relationship with domesticated animals and fertile land. As a result, mobility of mankind changed considerably. They almost left a wanderer’s life and started developing settlements. In fact people continued to move from one region to another in search of fertile land for developing cultivation. Afterwards, the nature of mobility frequently changed. The people moved from early civilized area to other parts of world, partly for agricultural purposes or for trade and partly for investigation. Migration of the people to big cities takes from all the corners of the country…show more content…
The new ideas related to new technologies, family planning, girl’s education, etc. get diffused from urban to rural areas through them  Environmental Consequences Overcrowding of people due to rural-urban migration has put pressure on the existing social and physical infrastructure in the urban areas. Major Causes of Migration in India Migrations are caused by a variety of factors including economic, social and political factors. They are briefly described as under. 1. Marriage: Marriage is a very important social factor of migration. Every girl has to migrate to her in-law’s place of residence after marriage. Thus, the entire female population of India has to migrate over short or long distance. Among the people who shifted their resistance more than half (56.1%) moved due to marriage in 1991. 2. Employment: People migrate in large number from rural to urban areas in search of employment. The agricultural base of rural areas does not provide employment to all the people living there. Even the small-scale and cottage industries of the villages fail to provide employment to the entire rural folk. Contrary to this, urban areas provide vast scope for employment in industries, trade, transport and services. About 8.8 per cent of migrants migrated for employment in
Open Document