The Trait Theory Of Leadership

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Trait Theory of Leadership
Introduction
The topic of leadership is historically one of the most widely researched when it comes to explorations of organizational behavior. The success of any institution or organization is pegged on the quality of its leadership because it is the determining factor on the pattern and speed at which it achieves its growth goals. Leaders are responsible for steering an organization toward its goal by mobilizing resources (both human and material) and maximizing their efficiency. The key deliverables for many leaders include employee well-being, teamwork, adherence to organizational processes and procedures, innovation, crisis management, and effective and clear communication of the vision to stakeholders. In
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It is one of the earliest leadership theories upon whose tenets many researches on leadership have been done. Although it is not very coherent, its heuristic nature has contributed to its significance in leadership research. Zaccaro and Klimoski (2002) define traits of reference to leadership as the stable personality characteristics, which result in a consistent leadership performance pattern, given different scenarios and groups. They include individual personalities, temperament, rationale, prowess, as well as cognitive abilities. Initially, the theory explored both physical and psychological characteristics that tell apart leaders from non-leaders.
There are certain physical characteristics that are often associated with leaders. Research shows that there is a correlation between height and the likelihood of a person to become a leader (otherwise known as leader emergence). According to trait theory, tall people are more likely to emerge as leaders than their short counterparts. Similarly, leaders tend to be heavy, which implies a relationship between weight and leadership. The physical appearance of a person is also an indicator of leadership qualities (Zaccaro & Klimoski, 2002). For instance, well-dressed, mature-looking, and physically attractive individuals tend to get into leadership positions more than the other group members. Gender also influences the likelihood
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