Type 2 Diabetes Self Management Education

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Type 2 diabetes self-management education is necessary to prevent the development of long- term health complications associated with poor metabolic control in individuals with diabetes (Kennedy, 2012). The national average of adults who attended diabetes self-management education changed little from 51.4% in the year 2000 to 57.4% in 2010 (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2014). A Healthy People 2020 goal is to increase the number of adults who receive diabetes education by 10% (, 2014). Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions, accounting for 90-95% of diabetes cases. Complications related to uncontrolled diabetes include kidney disease, blindness, lower-extremity amputations, stroke and heart disease. Poorly controlled diabetes is one of the primary causes of kidney failure, with 10-20% of people with diabetes dying from kidney failure. Cardiovascular disease accounts for 50% of deaths in people with diabetes (Kennedy, 2012).
Type 2 diabetes is known to affect 11.8% of the Hispanic population compared to 7.1% of non-Hispanic Whites (Gonzalez, Berry, & Davison, 2013). As of July 1, 2013, the Hispanic population is the largest minority group in the United States (CDC, 2013). This statistic, combined with the high prevalence of diabetes in the Hispanic population makes diabetes self-management a priority (Gonzalez et al., 2013). Hispanics are more likely to develop end-stage renal disease related to diabetes and they are also 50% more likely to
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