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Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Allocating payments and receipts to fixed asset accounts

The following payments and receipts are related to land, land improvements, and buildings acquired for use in a wholesale ceramic business. The receipts are identified by an asterisk.

a. Fee paid to attorney for title search $ 2,500
b. Cost of real estate acquired as a plant site: Land 285,000
Building (to be demolished) 55,000
c. Delinquent real estate taxes on property, assumed by purchaser 15,500
d. Cost of tearing down and removing building acquired In (b) 5,000
e. Proceeds from sale of salvage materials from old building 4,000*
f. Special assessment paid to city for extension of water main to the property 29,000
g. Architect’s and engineer’s fees for plans and supervision 60,000
h. Premium on one-year insurance policy during construction 6,000
i. Cost of filling and grading land 12,000
j. Money borrowed to pay building contractor 900,000*
k. Cost of repairing windstorm damage during construction 5,500
1. Cost of paving parking lot to be used by customers 32,000
m. Cost of trees and shrubbery planted 11,000
n. Cost of floodlights installed on parking lot 2,000
o. Cost of repairing vandalism damage during construction 2,500
p. Proceeds from insurance company for windstorm and vandalism damage 7,500*
q. Payment to building contractor for new building 800,000
r. Interest incurred on building loan during construction 34,500
s. Refund of premium on insurance policy (h) canceled after 11 months 500*

Instructions

1.    Assign each payment and receipt to Land (unlimited life), Land Improvements (limited life), Building, or Other Accounts. Indicate receipts by an asterisk. Identify each item by letter and list the amounts in columnar form, as follows:

Item Land Land improvements Building Other Accounts

2.    Determine the amount debited to Land, Land Improvements, and Building.

3.    The costs assigned to the land, which is used as a plant site, will not be depreciated, while the costs assigned to land improvements will be depreciated. Explain this seemingly contradictory application of the concept of depreciation.

4.    What would be the effect on the current year’s income statement and balance sheet if the cost of filling and grading land of $12,000 [payment (i)] was incorrectly classified as Land Improvements rather than Land? Assume that Land Improvements are depreciated over a 20-year life using the double-declining-balance method.

1.

To determine

Cost of Land: The cost of land includes the following costs:

  • Purchase price of land
  • Attorney fees
  • Real estate agent commission
  • Title
  • Recording fees
  • Additional expenses :
    • Clearing
    • Filling and leveling of land
    • Removing of old buildings

To identify: each item by letter and the list the amounts in columnar form.

Explanation

Identify each item by letter and the list the amounts in columnar form.

Item Land ($) Land Improvements ($) Building ($) Other Accounts ($)
a. 2,500
b. 340,000
c. 15,500
d. 5,000
e. (4,000)
f. 29,000
g. 60,000
h. 6,000
i. 12,000
j...

2.

To determine
the amount debited to Land, Land Improvements, and Building.

3.

To determine

To explain: the contradictory application of the concept of depreciation for Land and Land Improvements.


4.

To determine

To explain: the effect on the current year’s income statement and balance sheet due to wrong classification of the cost of filling and grading land.

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