menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

A beaker of water at 400 ° C(on the left in the drawing) and a beaker of ice water at 0 ° C are placed side by side in an insulated container. After some time has passed, the temperature of the water in the beaker on the left is 30 ° C and the temperature of the ice water is still 0 ° C. Describe what is happening in each beaker (a) on the molecular level and (b) in terms of the second law of thermodynamics.

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Engineering Students

3rd Edition
Lawrence S. Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199023

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Engineering Students

3rd Edition
Lawrence S. Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199023
Chapter 10, Problem 10.55PAE
Textbook Problem
1 views

A beaker of water at 400 ° C(on the left in the drawing) and a beaker of ice water at 0 ° C are placed side by side in an insulated container. After some time has passed, the temperature of the water in the beaker on the left is 30 ° C and the temperature of the ice water is still 0 ° C.

Describe what is happening in each beaker (a) on the molecular level and (b) in terms of the second law of thermodynamics.

Chapter 10, Problem 10.55PAE, A beaker of water at 400 C(on the left in the drawing) and a beaker of ice water at 0 C are placed

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A beaker of water at 40°C (on the left in the drawing) and a beaker of ice water at 0°C are placed side by side in an After some time has passed, in an insulated container. After some time has passed the temperature of the water in the beaker on the left is 30°C and the temperature of the ice water is still 0°C. Description needed, that what is happening in each beaker (a) on the molecular level and (b) in terms of the second law of thermodynamics.

Chemistry for Engineering Students, Chapter 10, Problem 10.55PAE

Concept introduction:

As the second law of thermodynamics states that for an isolated system, the entropy of the whole world will always grow with the time, and the entropy of the universe cannot be negative.

Entropy is a quantity of the inaccessible power in a closed thermodynamic arrangement which is also usually contemplated to be a quantity of the disorder of the system, which is a characteristic of the state of the system, and that varies sharply with any reversible alteration in heat in the system and inversely with the temperature of the system; generally: the degree ofinstability or disorder in a system.

a. What is happening in each beaker on the molecular level.

Explanation of Solution

The transmission of Heat takes place from higher temperature to lower temperature while molecular contact. The heater molecules communicated its kinetic energy to the molecules of ice. This process lasts till the temperature gradient becomes zero...

Interpretation Introduction

b. What is happening in each beaker in terms of the second law of thermodynamics.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 10 Solutions

Chemistry for Engineering Students
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 10 - “Reduce, reuse, recycle” is a common slogan among...Ch. 10 - Is the recycling of most plastics primarily a...Ch. 10 - List some consumer products made from recycled PETCh. 10 - Why is recycled PET not more widely used to make...Ch. 10 - Use the web to research a company that specializes...Ch. 10 - Use the web to learn how many pounds of plastics...Ch. 10 - On the basis of your experience, predict which of...Ch. 10 - In the thermodynamic definition of a spontaneous...Ch. 10 - 1f the combustion of butane is spontaneous, how...Ch. 10 - Identify each of the processes listed as...Ch. 10 - Identify each of the processes listed as...Ch. 10 - Athletic trainers use instant ice packs that can...Ch. 10 - Are any of the following exothermic processes not...Ch. 10 - Enthalpy changes often help predict whether or not...Ch. 10 - When a fossil fuel burns, is that fossil fuel the...Ch. 10 - Murphy's law is a whimsical rule that says that...Ch. 10 - Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a...Ch. 10 - The vessel on the left contains a mixture of...Ch. 10 - What observation about the Carnot engine led...Ch. 10 - Some games include dice with more than six sides....Ch. 10 - How does probability relate to spontaneity?Ch. 10 - Define the concept of a microstate. I-low is this...Ch. 10 - For each pair of items, tell which has the higher...Ch. 10 - When ice melts, its volume decreases. Despite this...Ch. 10 - If a sample of air were separated into nitrogen...Ch. 10 - For each process, tell whether the entropy change...Ch. 10 - Without doing a calculation, predict whether the...Ch. 10 - For the following chemical reactions, predict the...Ch. 10 - In many ways, a leaf is an example of exquisite...Ch. 10 - A student opens a stack of new playing cards and...Ch. 10 - An explosion brings down an old building, leaving...Ch. 10 - Write two examples of your own that illustrate the...Ch. 10 - According to Lambert, leaves lying in the yard and...Ch. 10 - A researcher heats a sample of water in a closed...Ch. 10 - What happens to the entropy of the universe during...Ch. 10 - Why do we need to consider the surroundings of a...Ch. 10 - One statement of the second law of thermodynamics...Ch. 10 - According to the second law of thermodynamics, how...Ch. 10 - How does the second law of thermodynamics explain...Ch. 10 - Some say that the job of an engineer is to fight...Ch. 10 - When a reaction is exothermic, how does that...Ch. 10 - Which reaction occurs with the greater increase in...Ch. 10 - Which reaction occurs with the greater increase in...Ch. 10 - Methanol is burned as fuel in some race cars. This...Ch. 10 - Limestone is predominantly CaCO3, which can...Ch. 10 - Suppose that you find out that a system has an...Ch. 10 - Use tabulated thermodynamic data to calculate the...Ch. 10 - If you scan the values for S° in Appendix E, you...Ch. 10 - Calculate S for the dissolution of magnesium...Ch. 10 - Calculate the standard entropy change for the...Ch. 10 - Through photosynthesis, plants build molecules of...Ch. 10 - Find websites describing two different attempts to...Ch. 10 - Look up the value of the standard entropy for the...Ch. 10 - Look up the value of the standard entropy for the...Ch. 10 - A beaker of water at 400 C(on the left in the...Ch. 10 - Describe why it is easier to use Gto determine the...Ch. 10 - Under what conditions does G allow us to predict...Ch. 10 - There is another free energy state function, the...Ch. 10 - 10.45 Calculate G at 45°C for reactions for which...Ch. 10 - 10.46 Discuss the effect of temperature change on...Ch. 10 - The reaction CO2(g)+H2(g)CO(g)+H2O(g) is not...Ch. 10 - Why is the free energy change of a system equal to...Ch. 10 - Distinguish between a reversible and an...Ch. 10 - For the reaction NO(g)+NO2(g)N2O3(g) , use...Ch. 10 - 10.51 The combustion of acetylene was used in...Ch. 10 - Natural gas (methane) is being used in...Ch. 10 - Silicon forms a series of compounds analogous to...Ch. 10 - Explain why Gf of O2 (g) is zero.Ch. 10 - Using tabulated thermodynamic data, calculate G...Ch. 10 - Using tabulated thermodynamic data, calculate G...Ch. 10 - Calculate G for the dissolution of both sodium...Ch. 10 - Phosphorus exists in multiple solid phases,...Ch. 10 - 10.59 The normal melting point of benzene, C6H6,...Ch. 10 - Calculate G for the complete combustion of 1 mole...Ch. 10 - Estimate the temperature range over which each of...Ch. 10 - Recall that incomplete combustion of fossil fuels...Ch. 10 - During polymerization, the system usually becomes...Ch. 10 - If a particular polymerization reaction happened...Ch. 10 - When polymers are recycled, the ends of the...Ch. 10 - The recycling of polymers represents only one...Ch. 10 - Diethyl ether is a liquid at normal temperature...Ch. 10 - Calculate the entropy change, S , for the...Ch. 10 - Gallium metal has a melting point of 29.8°C. Use...Ch. 10 - Methane can be produced from CO and H2.The process...Ch. 10 - 10.85 Iodine is not very soluble in water, but it...Ch. 10 - The enthalpy of vaporization for water is 40.65 kJ...Ch. 10 - Determine whether each of the following statements...Ch. 10 - Nickel metal reacts with carbon monoxide to form...Ch. 10 - Polyethylene has a heat capacity of 2,3027 J g-1...Ch. 10 - A key component in many chemical engineering...Ch. 10 - The reaction shown below is involved in the...Ch. 10 - Using only the data given below, determine G for...Ch. 10 - The graph below shows G as a function of...Ch. 10 - Suppose that you need to know the heat of...Ch. 10 - Suppose that you need to know the heat of...Ch. 10 - You have a table of thermodynamic variables that...Ch. 10 - You have a table of thermodynamic variables that...Ch. 10 - From a series of hydrocarbons containing only...Ch. 10 - Thermodynamics provides a way to interpret...Ch. 10 - 10.100 Suppose that you are designing a chemical...Ch. 10 - 10.101 Fluorine reacts with liquid water to form...Ch. 10 - 10.102 Ammonia can react with oxygen gas to form...Ch. 10 - 10.103Consider the following thermodynamic data...Ch. 10 - 10.104 (a) When a chemical bond forms, what...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Legumes are a particularly nutritious choice among protein-rich foods because they also provide a. vitamin C an...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Match the term listed in Column A with its definition from Column B

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (MindTap Course List)

(a) Consider a uniformly charged, thin-walled, right circular cylindrical shell having total charge Q, radius R...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

_______ is the arrival of pollen on a receptive stigma.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)