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Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

15th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337395250

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

15th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337395250
Textbook Problem

WACC AND OPTIMAL CAPITAL BUDGET Adamson Corporation is considering four average-risk projects with the following costs and rates of return:

Project Cost Expected Kate of Return
1 $2,000 16.00%
     
2 3,000 15.00
     
3 5,000 13.75
     
4 2,000 12.30

The company estimates that it can issue debt at a rate of rd = 10%, and its tax rate is 30%. It can issue preferred stock that pays a constant dividend of $5.00 per year at $50.00 per share. Also, its common stock currently sells for $38.00 per share; the next expected dividend, D1, is $4.25, and the dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5% per year. The target capital structure consists of 75% common stock, 15% debt, and 10% preferred stock.

  1. a. What is the cost of each of the capital components?
  2. b. What is Adamson's WACC?
  3. c. Only projects with expected returns that exceed WACC will be accepted. Which projects should Adamson accept?

a.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The cost of each of the capital components.

Introduction:

Cost of Capital:

In any company there is a need of fund for various purposes. The companies raise capital through various sources such as equity, debt, and preferred stock. The cost of capital is the total cost of raising capital. It consists of cost of debt, cost of equity, and cost of the preferred stock.

After-Tax Cost of Debt:

It can be defined as relevant cost of new debt considering tax deductibility in interest. It is the cost of debt after tax savings.  The interest on the debt is tax deductible. The tax can be saved on the interest paid on the debt. It is used to calculate the weighted average cost of capital.

Cost of Preferred Stock:

The return earned by the firm’s preferred stockholders from the investment in preferred stock is a cost of the preferred stock. It is computed by dividing the dividend received on preferred stock by the current price of the preferred stock.

Cost of Equity:

It is the cost of the company while raising finance by issuing equity. It is the earnings from the investment to the firm’s equity investors. It is the return to the stockholders’  equity investments. The issue of new stock incurs the flotation cost.

Explanation

Cost of debt:

Given,

Before-tax cost of debt is 10%.

Tax rate is 30%.

The formula to calculate after-tax cost of debt is:

After-Tax Cost of Debt=rd(1T)

Where

  • rd is the interest on new debt.
  • T is the tax rate

Substitute 10% for rd and 0.30 for the rate in above formula.

After-Tax Cost of Debt=10%(10.30)=10%×0.70=7%

Thus, after-tax cost of debt is 7%.

Cost of Preferred stock:

Given,

Dividend per share is $5.

Price of stock is $50 per share.

The formula to calculate the cost of preferred stock is:

Cost of Preferred Stock=DPPP

Where,

  • DP is the preferred dividend.
  • PP is the current price of preferred stock.

Substitute $5 for DP and $50 for PP in above formula

b.

Summary Introduction

To determine: WACC of A Corporation.

Introduction:

Weighted Average Cost of Capital:

It is the weighted average cost of capital of all the sources through which a firm finances its capital. It is the rate that a company will pay to all for raising finance. It can be termed as firm’s cost of capital. The company raises money through various sources such as common stock and preference share debt. The WACC is computed by taking the relative weight of each item of capital structure.

c.

Summary Introduction

To identify: The projects that should be accepted by A Corporation. If only the project with expected returns more than WACC should be accepted.

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