   Chapter 11.3, Problem 42ES ### Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337694193

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337694193
Textbook Problem
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# Exercises 40—43 refer to another algorithm, known as Horner’s rule, for finding the value of a polynomial. Algorithm 11.3.4 Homer’s Rule [This algorithn computes the value of a polynomial a [ n ] x n + a [ n − 1 ] x n − 1 + ⋯ + a [ 2 ] x 2 + a [ 1 ] x + a [ 0 ] by nesting successive additions and multiplications as indicated in the following parenthesization:   ( ( ⋯ ( ( a [ n ] x + a [ n − 1 ] ) x + a [ n − 2 ] ) x + ⋯ + a [ 2 ] ) x + a [ 1 ] ) x + a [ 0 ] .At each stage, starting with a [ n ] , the current value of polyval is multiplied by x and the next lower coefficient of the polynomial is added to it.] Input: n[a nonnegative integer], a [ 0 ] ,   a [ 1 ] ,   a [ 2 ] ,   … , a [ n ] [an array of real numbers], x [a real number] Algorithm Body: p o l y v a l : = a [ n ] for i : = 1 to n p o l y v a l : = p o l y v a l ⋅ x + a [ n − i ] next i [ A t   t h i s   p o i n t   p o l y v a l = a [ n ] x n + a [ n − 1 ] x n − 1 + ⋯ + a [ 2 ] x 2 + a [ 1 ] x + a [ 0 ] . ] Output: polyval [a real number] 42. Let t n = the number of additions and multiplications that are performed when Algorithm 11.3.4 is executed for a polynomial of degree n. Express t n , as a function of n.

To determine

To find:

The total number of additions and multiplications performed (tn), for algorithm for Horner’s Rule.

Explanation

Given information:

tn is the number of elementary operations when the given algorithm is executed where n is the degree of the polynomial.

The considered algorithm for Horner’s Rule is as follows.

Input:

n [a nonnegative integer], a,a,a....,a[n] [an array of real numbers], x [a real number] Algorithm Body:

polyval:=a[n]

for i:=1 tn

polyval:=polyval·x+a[n1]

next i

[at this point

polyval

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