Chapter 12, Problem 11P

### Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

15th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337395250

Chapter
Section

### Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

15th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337395250
Textbook Problem

# REPLACEMENT ANALYSIS St. Johns River Shipyards is considering the replacement of an 8-year-old riveting machine with a new one that will increase earnings before depreciation from $24,000 to$46,000 per year. The new machine will cost $80,000; and it will have an estimated life of 8 years and no salvage value. The new machine will be depreciated over its 5-year MACRS recovery period, so the applicable depreciation rates are 20%, 32%, 19%, 12%, 11%, and 6%. The applicable corporate tax rate is 40%, and the firm's WACC is 10%. The old machine has been fully depreciated and has no salvage value. Should the old riveting machine be replaced by the new one? Explain your answer. Summary Introduction To explain: Whether the proposal of a new machine is acceptable or not. Introduction: Replacement Analysis: The analysis for the replacement of the company’s assets is the replacement analysis. To reduce the cost of the company the management take decision to replace the existing asset. The incremental cash flow is calculated while taking replacement decision. Net present Value (NPV): NPV is the technique of capital budgeting. To select the project or not to select the project depends on the NPV of the project. If the project has positive NPV then accept the project, if the NPV is negative then reject the project. Explanation Life of old machine 8years New machine increases the earnings before depreciation from$24,000 to $46,000 per year The cost of new machine is$ 80,000

No salvage value

5 year MACRS depreciation rate are, 20%, 32%, 19%, 12%, 11%, and 6%.

Tax rate 40%

WACC is 10 %

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