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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
Chapter 12, Problem 12.74E
Textbook Problem
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Limonene is present in the rind of lemons and oranges. Based on its structure (see Exercise 12.49), would you consider it to be a solid, liquid, or gas at room temperature?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The state of limonene at room temperatureis to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

Isoprene unit contains five carbon atoms. The carbon atoms of isoprene unit are connected by sigma bond or pi bond. Terpenes and terpenoids contain unequal number of isoprene units. Limonene contains a cyclic monoterpene unit. The oil extracted from citrus peels majorly contains limonene.

Explanation of Solution

The structure of limonene is similar to the structure of cyclohexene. Cyclohexene is liquid at room temperature. Limonene does not contain any functional group which would increase its stability at room temperature. Therefore, limonene is liquid at room temperature...

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Chapter 12 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
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Ch. 12 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 12 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 12 - What type of hybridized orbital is present on...Ch. 12 - What type of orbital overlaps to form a pi bond in...Ch. 12 - Describe the geometry of the carbon-carbon double...Ch. 12 - Explain the difference between geometric and...Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas and give IUPAC names for...Ch. 12 - Which of the following alkenes can exist as...Ch. 12 - Which of the following alkenes can exist as...Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas for the following:...Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas for the following:...Ch. 12 - In what ways are the physical properties of...Ch. 12 - Which of the following reactions is an addition...Ch. 12 - State Markovnikovs rule, and write a reaction that...Ch. 12 - Complete the following reactions. Where more than...Ch. 12 - Complete the following reactions. Where more than...Ch. 12 - Draw the structural formula for the alkenes with...Ch. 12 - What reagents would you use to prepare each of the...Ch. 12 - What is an important commercial application of...Ch. 12 - Cyclohexane and 2-hexene both have the molecular...Ch. 12 - Terpin hydrate is used medicinally as an...Ch. 12 - Explain what is meant by each of the following...Ch. 12 - A section of polypropylene containing three units...Ch. 12 - Identify a structural feature characteristic of...Ch. 12 - Rubber cement contains a polymer of...Ch. 12 - Much of todays plumbing in newly built homes is...Ch. 12 - Identify a major use for each of the following...Ch. 12 - What type of hybridized orbital is present on...Ch. 12 - How many sigma bonds and how many pi bonds make up...Ch. 12 - Describe the geometry in an alkyne of the...Ch. 12 - Explain why geometric isomerism is not possible in...Ch. 12 - Give the common name and major uses of the...Ch. 12 - Describe the physical and chemical properties of...Ch. 12 - Write the structural formulas and IUPAC names for...Ch. 12 - What type of hybridized orbital is present on the...Ch. 12 - What type of orbital overlaps to form the pi...Ch. 12 - What does the circle within the hexagon represent...Ch. 12 - Define the terms aromatic and aliphatic.Ch. 12 - Limonene, which is present in citrus peelings, has...Ch. 12 - A disubstituted cycloalkane such as a exhibits...Ch. 12 - Give an IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Give an IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Give an IUPAC name for the following as...Ch. 12 - Give an IUPAC name for the following as...Ch. 12 - Name the following compounds, using the prefixed...Ch. 12 - Name the following compounds, using the prefixed...Ch. 12 - Name the following by numbering the benzene ring....Ch. 12 - Name the following by numbering the benzene ring....Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas for the following:...Ch. 12 - Write structural formulas for the following:...Ch. 12 - There are three chlorophenol derivatives. Draw...Ch. 12 - Describe the chief physical properties of aromatic...Ch. 12 - Why does benzene not readily undergo addition...Ch. 12 - Compare the chemical behavior of benzene and...Ch. 12 - For each of the following uses, list an...Ch. 12 - For each of the following uses, list an...Ch. 12 - In general, alkynes have slightly higher boiling...Ch. 12 - In Reaction 12.14, heat, pressure, and catalysts...Ch. 12 - Propene reacts with a diatomic molecule whose...Ch. 12 - Draw a generalized energy diagram for the...Ch. 12 - What will be the limiting reactant when 25.0g of...Ch. 12 - Napthalene is the simplest polycyclic aromatic...Ch. 12 - Why does propene not exhibit geometric isomerism?Ch. 12 - Limonene is present in the rind of lemons and...Ch. 12 - If the average molecular weight of polyethylene is...Ch. 12 - Reactions to synthesize the benzene ring of...Ch. 12 - Answer the question in the caption to Figure 12.8...Ch. 12 - Why cant alkanes undergo addition polymerization?Ch. 12 - Some polymers produce toxic fumes when they are...Ch. 12 - Super glue is an addition polymer of the following...Ch. 12 - One of the fragrant components in mint plants is...Ch. 12 - Which of the following are aromatic compounds? a....Ch. 12 - Identify which of the following general formulas...Ch. 12 - The compound CH2=CHCH2CH2CH3 is an example of: a....Ch. 12 - The correct structural for ethyne is: a. HC=CH b....Ch. 12 - Protection of the skin from the harmful effects of...

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