General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications (11th Edition)

11th Edition

ISBN: 9780132931281

Author: Ralph H. Petrucci, F. Geoffrey Herring, Jeffry D. Madura, Carey Bissonnette

Publisher: PEARSON

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#### Concept explainers

Textbook Question

Chapter 12, Problem 24E

How much heat is required to raise the temperature of 215 g
^{1}K-1.

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# Chapter 12 Solutions

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications (11th Edition)

Ch. 12 - For each of the following substances describe the...Ch. 12 - When another atom or group of atoms is substituted...Ch. 12 - Prob. 3ECh. 12 - Arrange the liquids represented by the following...Ch. 12 - One of the following substances is a liquid at...Ch. 12 - In which of the following compound might...Ch. 12 - Prob. 7ECh. 12 - Prob. 8ECh. 12 - Prob. 9ECh. 12 - Prob. 10E

Ch. 12 - Silicone oils, such as H3C[SiO(CH2)2],Si(CH3) ,...Ch. 12 - Surface tension, viscosity, and vapor pressure are...Ch. 12 - Is there any scientific basis for the colloquial...Ch. 12 - A television commercial claims that a product...Ch. 12 - Prob. 15ECh. 12 - Prob. 16ECh. 12 - Prob. 17ECh. 12 - Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and mercury have...Ch. 12 - As a liquid evaporated from an open container, its...Ch. 12 - Prob. 20ECh. 12 - The enthalpy of vaporization of benzene, C6H6(l)...Ch. 12 - A vapor volume of 1.17 L forms when a sample of...Ch. 12 - Use data from the Integrative Example (page 566)...Ch. 12 - How much heat is required to raise the temperature...Ch. 12 - How many liters of CH4(g) , measured at 23.4 °C...Ch. 12 - A 50.0 g piece of iron at 152°C is dropped into...Ch. 12 - From Figure 12-18, estimate (a) the vapor pressure...Ch. 12 - Prob. 28ECh. 12 - Equilibrium is established between Br2(l) and...Ch. 12 - Prob. 30ECh. 12 - A double boiler is used when a careful control of...Ch. 12 - One popular demonstration in chemistry labs is...Ch. 12 - Pressure cookers achieve a high cooking...Ch. 12 - Prob. 34ECh. 12 - A 25.0 L volume of He(g) at 30.0°C is passed...Ch. 12 - A 7.53 L sample of N2 (g) at 742 mmHg and 45.0 °C...Ch. 12 - Prob. 37ECh. 12 - A 10.0 g sample of liquid water is sealed in a...Ch. 12 - Cyclohexanol has a vapor pressure of 10.0 mmHg at...Ch. 12 - Prob. 40ECh. 12 - Prob. 41ECh. 12 - Prob. 42ECh. 12 - Benzaldehyde, C2H2CHO , has a normal boiling point...Ch. 12 - With reference to Figure 12-20, which is the more...Ch. 12 - Which substances listed in Table 12.6 can exist as...Ch. 12 - Prob. 46ECh. 12 - The normal melting point of copper is 1357 K, and...Ch. 12 - An ice calorimeter measures quantities of heat by...Ch. 12 - An 80.0 g piece of dry ice, CO2 (s), is placed in...Ch. 12 - Sketch a plausible phase diagram for hydrazine...Ch. 12 - Shown here is a portion of the phase diagram for...Ch. 12 - Prob. 52ECh. 12 - Prob. 53ECh. 12 - Prob. 54ECh. 12 - Use appropriate phase diagrams data from Table...Ch. 12 - Prob. 56ECh. 12 - To an insulated container with 100.0 g H2O(l) at...Ch. 12 - A 54 cm2 ice cube at 25.0 °C is added to a...Ch. 12 - Prob. 59ECh. 12 - Prob. 60ECh. 12 - Prob. 61ECh. 12 - Prob. 62ECh. 12 - Silicon carbide, SiC, crystallizes in a form...Ch. 12 - Prob. 64ECh. 12 - Prob. 65ECh. 12 - Use Coulomb's law (see Appendix B) to verify the...Ch. 12 - The hardness of crystals is rated based on Mohs...Ch. 12 - Will the mineral villaumite (NaF) or periclase...Ch. 12 - Prob. 69ECh. 12 - Prob. 70ECh. 12 - Consider the two-dimensional lattice shown here....Ch. 12 - As we saw in Section 12-6, stacking spheres always...Ch. 12 - Tungsten has a body-centered cubic crystal...Ch. 12 - Magnesium crystallizes in the hcp arrangement...Ch. 12 - Polonium (Po) is the only element known to take on...Ch. 12 - Prob. 76ECh. 12 - Silicon tetrafluoride molecules are arranged in a...Ch. 12 - Two views, a top and side view, for the unit cell...Ch. 12 - Show that the unit cells for CaF2 and TiO2 in...Ch. 12 - Prob. 80ECh. 12 - The crystal structure of magnesium oxide, MgO, is...Ch. 12 - Potassium chloride has the same crystal structure...Ch. 12 - Prob. 83ECh. 12 - Use data from Figure 9-9 to predict the type of...Ch. 12 - Without doing calculations, indicate how you would...Ch. 12 - Determine the lattice energy of KF(s) from the...Ch. 12 - Refer to Example 12-12. Together with data given...Ch. 12 - Prob. 88ECh. 12 - Prob. 89IAECh. 12 - Prob. 90IAECh. 12 - Prob. 91IAECh. 12 - Use the following data and data from Appendix D to...Ch. 12 - Prob. 93IAECh. 12 - Prob. 94IAECh. 12 - Because solid p-dichlorobenzene, C6H4CI2 ,...Ch. 12 - A 1.05 mol sample of H2O(g) is compressed into a...Ch. 12 - Prob. 97IAECh. 12 - By the method used to graph Figure 12-20, plot In...Ch. 12 - Prob. 99IAECh. 12 - Prob. 100IAECh. 12 - Prob. 101IAECh. 12 - Prob. 102IAECh. 12 - In acetic acid vapor, some molecules exist as...Ch. 12 - Prob. 104IAECh. 12 - Sketched here are two hypothetical phase diagrams...Ch. 12 - Prob. 106IAECh. 12 - The triple point temperature of bismuth is 544.5 K...Ch. 12 - The crystal structure of lithium sulfide ( Li2S ),...Ch. 12 - Refer to Figure 12-44 and Figure 12-48. Suppose...Ch. 12 - Prob. 110IAECh. 12 - One way to describe ionic crystal structures is in...Ch. 12 - Prob. 112IAECh. 12 - The enthalpy of formation of Nal(s) is 288 kJ...Ch. 12 - Prob. 114IAECh. 12 - A crystalline solid contains three types of ions,...Ch. 12 - A certain mineral has a cubic unit cell with...Ch. 12 - Prob. 117IAECh. 12 - In some barbecue grills the electric lighter...Ch. 12 - Prob. 119IAECh. 12 - Prob. 120IAECh. 12 - Intermolecular forces play vital and varied roles...Ch. 12 - Prob. 122FPCh. 12 - Prob. 123FPCh. 12 - All solids contain defects or imperfections of...Ch. 12 - In an ionic crystal lattice each cation will be...Ch. 12 - Prob. 126FPCh. 12 - Prob. 127FPCh. 12 - Prob. 128SAECh. 12 - Briefly describe each of the following phenomena...Ch. 12 - Explain the important distinctions between each...Ch. 12 - Prob. 131SAECh. 12 - Prob. 132SAECh. 12 - Prob. 133SAECh. 12 - Prob. 134SAECh. 12 - Prob. 135SAECh. 12 - Prob. 136SAECh. 12 - Prob. 137SAECh. 12 - Prob. 138SAECh. 12 - Prob. 139SAECh. 12 - Prob. 140SAECh. 12 - Prob. 141SAECh. 12 - Prob. 142SAECh. 12 - Prob. 143SAECh. 12 - Prob. 144SAECh. 12 - The following data are given for CCl4 . Normal...Ch. 12 - The fcc unit cell is a cube with atoms at each of...Ch. 12 - Prob. 147SAECh. 12 - Prob. 148SAECh. 12 - Prob. 149SAECh. 12 - Prob. 150SAECh. 12 - In the lithium iodide crystal, the Li—l distance...Ch. 12 - Prob. 152SAECh. 12 - Prob. 153SAECh. 12 - Prob. 154SAECh. 12 - Construct a concept map showing the ideas...

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The cooling effect of alcohol on the skin is due to its evaporation. Calculate the heat of vaporization of ethanol (ethyl alcohol), C2H5OH. C2H5OH(l)C2H5OH(g);H=? The standard enthalpy of formation of C2H5OH(l) is 277.7 kJ/mol and that of C2H5OH(g) is 235.1 kJ/mol.

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