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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 15, Problem 5SQ
Textbook Problem
39 views

A set of cells that host various DNA fragments collectively representing an organism’s entire set of genetic information is a _________.

  1. a. genome
  2. b. clone
  3. c. genomic library
  4. d. GMO

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Genome of an organism is its complete genetic material. Molecular biology techniques have been used to extract whole genome of a cell and cut it into small fragments, which are inserted and expressed in host cells to create clones. Such a set of cells that contain a whole genome of an organism is cut into DNA fragments. This is called a genomic library.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for correct answer:

A set of cells that together contain an organism’s whole genome that is cut into DNA fragments is called as a genomic library. To create a genomic library, whole genome of an organism is extracted and cut into DNA fragments, which are inserted and expressed in host cells to create clones using molecular biology techniques.

Hence, the correct answer is option c.

Reason for incorrect answer:

Option a. is given as “genome”.

Genome means the complete genetic material of a species or organism. Each cell of an organism has a complete copy of genome. It is not fragmented into different cells. Hence, option a. is incorrect.

Option b...

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