menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

Figure 18-1 illustrates the zone of stability. What is the zone of stability? Stable light nuclides have about equal numbers of neutrons and protons. What happens to the neutron-to-proton ratio for stable nuclides as the number of protons increases? Nuclides that are not already in the zone of stability undergo radioactive processes to get to the zone of stability. If a nuclide has too many neutrons, which process(es) can the nuclide undergo to become more stable? Answer the same question for a nuclide having too many protons.

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 18, Problem 2RQ
Textbook Problem
3 views

Figure 18-1 illustrates the zone of stability. What is the zone of stability? Stable light nuclides have about equal numbers of neutrons and protons. What happens to the neutron-to-proton ratio for stable nuclides as the number of protons increases? Nuclides that are not already in the zone of stability undergo radioactive processes to get to the zone of stability. If a nuclide has too many neutrons, which process(es) can the nuclide undergo to become more stable? Answer the same question for a nuclide having too many protons.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The various questions based upon zone of stability are to be answered.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others.

To determine: The answers of various questions based on zone of stability.

Explanation of Solution

Stable nuclides reside in the zone of stability.

The zone of stability indicates the nuclides that do not undergo radioactive decay.

Stable light nuclides have equal number of neutrons and protons. As the number of protons increases, the neutron to proton ratio decreases.

Nuclides with too many neutrons undergo beta particle production and nuclides with too many protons undergo positron production.

Nuclides that are not ready in the zone of stability undergo radioactive processes to get to the zone of stability. If a nuclide has too many neutrons, it will undergo beta production to become more stable. Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero. Its example includes decay of carbon- 14 .

614C714N+x

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 18 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 18 - When nuclei undergo nuclear transformations, rays...Ch. 18 - There is a trend in the United States toward using...Ch. 18 - Which type of radioactive decay has the net effect...Ch. 18 - Consider the following graph of binding energy per...Ch. 18 - What are transuranium elements and how are they...Ch. 18 - Scientists have estimated that the earths crust...Ch. 18 - Why are the observed energy changes for nuclear...Ch. 18 - Natural uranium is mostly nonfissionable 238U; it...Ch. 18 - Much of the research on controlled fusion focuses...Ch. 18 - A recent study concluded that any amount of...Ch. 18 - Write an equation describing the radioactive decay...Ch. 18 - In each of the following radioactive decay...Ch. 18 - Supply the missing particle, and state the type of...Ch. 18 - Write balanced equations for each of the processes...Ch. 18 - Write an equation describing Ute radioactive decay...Ch. 18 - In each of the following radioactive decay...Ch. 18 - Uranium-235 undergoes a series of -particle and,...Ch. 18 - The radioactive isotope 247Bk decays by a series...Ch. 18 - One type of commercial smoke detector contains a...Ch. 18 - Thorium-232 is known to undergo a progressive...Ch. 18 - There are four stable isotopes of iron with mass...Ch. 18 - The only stable isotope of fluorine is...Ch. 18 - In 1994 it was proposed (and eventually accepted)...Ch. 18 - Many elements have been synthesized by bombarding...Ch. 18 - The rate constant for a certain radioactive...Ch. 18 - Americium-241 is widely used in smoke detectors....Ch. 18 - Krypton consists of several radioactive isotopes,...Ch. 18 - Radioactive copper-64 decays with a half-life of...Ch. 18 - A chemist wishing to do an experiment requiring...Ch. 18 - The curie (Ci) is a commonly used unit for...Ch. 18 - The first atomic explosion was detonated in the...Ch. 18 - Iodine-131 is used in the diagnosis and treatment...Ch. 18 - Technetium-99 has been used as a radiographic...Ch. 18 - Phosphorus-32 is a commonly used radioactive...Ch. 18 - The bromine-82 nucleus has a half-life of 1.0 103...Ch. 18 - Fresh rainwater or surface water contains enough...Ch. 18 - A living plant contains approximately the same...Ch. 18 - Assume a constant 14C/12C ratio of 13.6 counts per...Ch. 18 - A rock contains 0.688 mg 206Pb for every 1.000 mg...Ch. 18 - The mass ratios of 40Ar to 40K also can be used to...Ch. 18 - The sun radiates 3.9 1023 J of energy into space...Ch. 18 - The earth receives 1.8 1014 kJ/s of solar energy....Ch. 18 - Many transuranium elements, such as plutonium-232,...Ch. 18 - The most stable nucleus in terms of binding energy...Ch. 18 - Calculate the binding energy in J/nucleon for...Ch. 18 - Calculate the binding energy per nucleon for H12...Ch. 18 - The mass defect for a lithium-6 nucleus is 0.03434...Ch. 18 - The binding energy per nucleon for magnesium-27 is...Ch. 18 - Calculate the amount of energy released per gram...Ch. 18 - The easiest fusion reaction to initiate is...Ch. 18 - The typical response of a Geiger-Mller tube is...Ch. 18 - When using a Geiger-Mller counter to measure...Ch. 18 - Consider the following reaction to produce methyl...Ch. 18 - A chemist studied the reaction mechanism for the...Ch. 18 - Uranium-235 undergoes many different fission...Ch. 18 - Breeder reactors are used to convert the...Ch. 18 - Which do you think would be the greater health...Ch. 18 - Consider the following information: i. The layer...Ch. 18 - Predict whether each of the following nuclides is...Ch. 18 - Each of the following isotopes has been used...Ch. 18 - The mass percent of carbon in a typical human is...Ch. 18 - At a flea market, youve found a very interesting...Ch. 18 - Define third-life in a similar way to half-life,...Ch. 18 - A proposed system for storing nuclear wastes...Ch. 18 - During World War II, tritium (3H) was a component...Ch. 18 - A positron and an electron can annihilate each...Ch. 18 - A small atomic bomb releases energy equivalent to...Ch. 18 - During the research that led to production of the...Ch. 18 - Using the kinetic molecular theory (see Section...Ch. 18 - Consider the following reaction, which can take...Ch. 18 - Photosynthesis in plants can be represented by the...Ch. 18 - Strontium-90 and radon-222 both pose serious...Ch. 18 - Complete the following table with the nuclear...Ch. 18 - A certain radioactive nuclide has a half-life of...Ch. 18 - Iodine-131 has a half-life of 8.0 days. How many...Ch. 18 - Rubidium-87 decays by -particle production to...Ch. 18 - Given the following information: Mass of proton =...Ch. 18 - Which of the following statement(s) is(are) true?...Ch. 18 - Naturally occurring uranium is composed mostly of...Ch. 18 - The curie (Ci) is a commonly used unit for...Ch. 18 - A 0.10-cm3 sample of a solution containing a...Ch. 18 - Zirconium is one of the few metals that retains...Ch. 18 - In addition to the process described in the text,...Ch. 18 - The most significant source of natural radiation...Ch. 18 - To determine the Ksp value of Hg2I2, a chemist...Ch. 18 - Estimate the temperature needed to achieve the...Ch. 18 - A reported synthesis of the transuranium element...Ch. 18 - Radioactive cobalt-60 is used to study defects in...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Which diet has been shown to increase an athlete's endurance? high-fat diet normal mixed diet high-carbohydrate...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What does a radio wave do to the charges in the receiving antenna to provide a signal for your car radio?

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)