Why it is necessary to have the enzyme carbonic anhydrase to enhance the rate of dehydration in the lungs has to be explained.
Catalyst: A substance or a compound which promotes the rate of a chemical reaction is said to be catalyst. Catalysts are classified into two types. They are homogeneous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts.
Homogeneous catalysis: In a chemical catalysis reaction solution by a soluble catalyst is said to be homogeneous catalysis.
Heterogeneous catalysis: In a chemical catalysis reaction, the phases of reactant and catalyst are different.
Enzyme: Macromolecular biological species are said to be enzyme and which acts as a catalyst in many chemical reactions.