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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. In addition to using numerical prefixes in the general names of sugars to indicate how many carbon atoms are present. we often use the prefixes keto- and aldo- to indicate whether the sugar is a ketone or an aldehyde. For example, the monosaccharide fructose is frequently called a ketohexose to emphasize that it contains the ketone functional group. For each of the monosaccharides shown in Table 21.4, classify the sugars as aldohexoses, aldopentoses, ketohexoses, or ketopentoses.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Interpret the name and classify the group of chemical structure given in table 21.4.

Concept Introduction:

Aldopentose are the structure consist of an aldehyde and 5 carbon while ketopentose are the structure consist of a ketone and 5 carbon.

Aldohexose are the structure consist of an aldehyde and 6 carbon while ketohexose is the structure consist of ketone and 6 carbon.

Explanation

The name of first structure is ribose which is aldopentose, name of second structure is arabinose which is aldopentose and name of third structure is ribulose which is ketopentose. The structures are as follows:

In the list of hexoses, the name can be discussed as follows:

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