Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics

8th Edition

ISBN: 9781118412930

Author: Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner, Margaret B. Bailey

Publisher: WILEY

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#### Concept explainers

Question

Chapter 2.7, Problem 1E

To determine

Why are aerodynamic drag coefficients of Formula One race cars typically much greater than for ordinary automobiles?

Expert Solution & Answer

### Explanation of Solution

Aerodynamic drag coefficient is considered as dimensionless quantity which is used to compute resistance or drag of an object in an aerodynamic or fluid environment. It is related with a specific surface area.

Formula One race cars were mainly designed to attain high top speeds and the key objective was to reduce the air drag. Although at top speeds, car develops a lift force that affects the stability of car.

Thus aerodynamic drag coefficients helps in minimizing drag, wind noise, and eliminating unnecessary lift forces at top speeds. Air is considered as fluid in this environment.

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# Chapter 2 Solutions

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics

Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 1ECh. 2.7 - 2. What are several things you as an individual...Ch. 2.7 - 3. How does the kilowatt-hour meter in your house...Ch. 2.7 - 4. Why is it incorrect to say that a system...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 5ECh. 2.7 - Prob. 6ECh. 2.7 - 7. When microwaves are beamed onto a tumor during...Ch. 2.7 - 8. For good acceleration, what is more important...Ch. 2.7 - 9. Experimental molecular motors are reported to...Ch. 2.7 - 10. For polytropic expansion or compression, what...

Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 11ECh. 2.7 - Prob. 12ECh. 2.7 - 13. What form does the energy balance take for an...Ch. 2.7 - 14. What forms of energy and energy transfer are...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 15ECh. 2.7 - 16. Steve has a pedometer that reads kilocalories...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 17ECh. 2.7 - Prob. 1CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 11CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 12CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 13CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 14CUCh. 2.7 - 15. In mechanics, the work of a resultant force...Ch. 2.7 - 16. What direction is the net energy transfer by...Ch. 2.7 - 17. The differential of work, Î´W, is said to be an...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 18CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 19CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 20CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 21CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 22CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 23CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 24CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 25CUCh. 2.7 - 26. State the sign convention used in...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 27CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 28CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 29CUCh. 2.7 - 30. Based on the mechanisms of heat transfer, list...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 31CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 32CUCh. 2.7 - 33. The total energy of a closed system can change...Ch. 2.7 - 34. The energy of an isolated system can only...Ch. 2.7 - 35. If a closed system undergoes a thermodynamic...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 36CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 37CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 38CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 39CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 40CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 41CUCh. 2.7 - 42. A process that is adiabatic cannot involve...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 43CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 44CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 45CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 46CUCh. 2.7 - 47. A rotating flywheel stores energy in the form...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 48CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 49CUCh. 2.7 - 50. If a closed system undergoes a process for...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 51CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 52CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 53CUCh. 2.7 - Prob. 54CUCh. 2.7 - 2.1 A baseball has a mass of 0.3 lb. What is the...Ch. 2.7 - 2.2 Determine the gravitational potential energy,...Ch. 2.7 - 2.3 An object whose weight is 100 lbf experiences...Ch. 2.7 - 2.4 A construction crane weighing 12.000 lbf fell...Ch. 2.7 - 2.5 An automobile weighing 2500 lbf increases its...Ch. 2.7 - 2.6 An object of mass 1000 kg, initially having a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.7 A 30-seat turboprop airliner whose mass is...Ch. 2.7 - 2.8 An automobile having a mass of 900 kg...Ch. 2.7 - 2.9 Vehicle crumple zones are designed to absorb...Ch. 2.7 - 2.10 An object whose mass is 300 lb experiences...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 11PCh. 2.7 - 2.12 Using KE = IÏ‰2/2 from Problem 2.11a, how fast...Ch. 2.7 - 2.13 Two objects having different masses are...Ch. 2.7 - 2.14 An object whose mass is 100 lb falls freely...Ch. 2.7 - 2.15 During the packaging process, a can of soda...Ch. 2.7 - 2.16 Beginning from rest, an object of mass 200 kg...Ch. 2.7 - 2.17 Jack, who weighs 150 lbf, runs 5 miles in 43...Ch. 2.7 - 2.18 An object initially at an elevation of 5 m...Ch. 2.7 - 2.19 An object of mass 10 kg, initially at rest,...Ch. 2.7 - 2.20 An object initially at rest experiences a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.21 The drag force, Fd, imposed by the...Ch. 2.7 - 2.22 A major force opposing the motion of a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.23 The two major forces opposing the motion of a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.24 Measured data for pressure versus volume...Ch. 2.7 - 2.25 Measured data for pressure versus volume...Ch. 2.7 - 2.26 A gas in a piston-cylinder assembly undergoes...Ch. 2.7 - 2.27 Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas within a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.28 A gas in a piston-cylinder assembly undergoes...Ch. 2.7 - 2.29 Nitrogen (N2) gas within a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.30 Oxygen (O2) gas within a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.31 A closed system consisting of 14.5 lb of air...Ch. 2.7 - 2.32 Air contained within a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.33 A gas contained within a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.34 Carbon monoxide gas (CO) contained within a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.35 Air contained within a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.36 The belt sander shown in Fig. P2.36 has a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.37 A 0.15-m-diameter pulley turns a belt...Ch. 2.7 - 2.38 A 10-V battery supplies a constant current of...Ch. 2.7 - 2.39 An electric heater draws a constant current...Ch. 2.7 - 2.40 A car magazine article states that the power...Ch. 2.7 - 2.41 The pistons of a V-6 automobile engine...Ch. 2.7 - 2.42 Figure P2.42 shows an object whose mass is 5...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 43PCh. 2.7 - 2.44 A soap film is suspended on a wire frame, as...Ch. 2.7 - 2.45 As shown in Fig. P2.45, a spring having an...Ch. 2.7 - 2.46 A fan forces air over a computer circuit...Ch. 2.7 - 2.47 As shown in Fig. P2.47, the 6-in.-thick...Ch. 2.7 - 2.48 As shown in Fig. P2.48, an oven wall consists...Ch. 2.7 - 2.49 A composite plane wall consists of a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.50 A composite plane wall consists of a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.51 An insulated frame wall of a house has an...Ch. 2.7 - 2.52 Complete the following exercise using heat...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 53PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 54PCh. 2.7 - 2.55 The outer surface of the grill hood shown in...Ch. 2.7 - 2.56 Each line of the following table gives data...Ch. 2.7 - 2.57 Each line of the following table gives data,...Ch. 2.7 - 2.58 A closed system of mass 10 kg undergoes a...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 59PCh. 2.7 - 2.60 A gas contained in a pistonâˆ’cylinder assembly...Ch. 2.7 - 2.61 A gas contained within a pistonâˆ’cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.62 An electric motor draws a current of 10 amp...Ch. 2.7 - 2.63 As shown in Fig. P2.63, the outer surface of...Ch. 2.7 - 2.64 One kg of Refrigerant 22, initially at p1 =...Ch. 2.7 - 2.65 A gas is contained in a vertical...Ch. 2.7 - 2.66 A gas undergoes a process in a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.67 Four kilograms of carbon monoxide (CO) is...Ch. 2.7 - 2.68 Helium gas is contained in a closed rigid...Ch. 2.7 - 2.69 Steam in a pistonâˆ’cylinder assembly undergoes...Ch. 2.7 - 2.70 Air expands adiabatically in a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.71 A vertical pistonâˆ’cylinder assembly with a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.72 Gaseous CO2 is contained in a vertical...Ch. 2.7 - 2.73 Figure P2.73 shows a gas contained in a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.74 The following table gives data, in kJ, for a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.75 The following table gives data, in Btu, for a...Ch. 2.7 - 2.76 Figure P2.76 shows a power cycle executed by...Ch. 2.7 - 2.77 A gas within a pistonâˆ’cylinder assembly...Ch. 2.7 - 2.78 A gas within a piston-cylinder assembly...Ch. 2.7 - 2.79 A gas undergoes a cycle in a piston-cylinder...Ch. 2.7 - 2.80 As shown in Fig. P2.80, a gas within a...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 81PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 82PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 83PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 84PCh. 2.7 - 2.85 A concentrating solar collector system, as...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 86PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 87PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 88PCh. 2.7 - 2.89 A refrigeration cycle operating as shown in...Ch. 2.7 - Prob. 90PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 91PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 92PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 93PCh. 2.7 - Prob. 94PCh. 2.7 - 2.95 A heat pump maintains a dwelling at 688F....Ch. 2.7 - 2.96 A heat pump cycle delivers energy by heat...

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