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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
BuyFind

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Solutions

Chapter 3, Problem 3.73P
Textbook Problem

3-73 Which of the following molecules have an atom that does not obey the octet rule (not all of these are stable molecules)?

(a) BF3

(b) CF2

(c) BeF2

(d) C2H4

(e) CH3

(f) N2

(g) NO

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
Ch. 3.7 - Problem 3-11 Draw a Lewis structure of a covalent...Ch. 3.8 - Problem 3-12 Name these binary covalent compounds:...Ch. 3.9 - Problem 3-13 Draw the contributing structure...Ch. 3.9 - Problem 3-14 Which sets are valid pairs of...Ch. 3.10 - Problem 3-15 Predict all bond angles for these...Ch. 3.11 - Problem 3-16 Which of these molecules are polar?...Ch. 3 - 3-17 Answer true or false. (a) The octet rule...Ch. 3 - 3-18 How many electrons must each atom gain or...Ch. 3 - 3-19 Show how each chemical change obeys the octet...Ch. 3 - 3-20 Show how each chemical change obeys the octet...Ch. 3 - 3-21 Write the formula for the most stable ion...Ch. 3 - 3-22 Why is Li- not a stable ion?Ch. 3 - 3-23 Predict which ions are stable: (a) (b) (c)...Ch. 3 - 3-24 Predict which ions are stable: (a) Br2- (b)...Ch. 3 - 3-25 Why are carbon and silicon reluctant to form...Ch. 3 - 3-26 Table 3-2 shows the following ions of copper:...Ch. 3 - 3-27 Answer true or false. (a) For Group lA and...Ch. 3 - 3-28 Name each polyatomic ion. (a) HCO3- (b) NO2-...Ch. 3 - 3-29 Answer true or false. (a) According to the...Ch. 3 - 3-30 Why does electronegativity generally increase...Ch. 3 - 3-31 Why does electronegativity generally increase...Ch. 3 - 3-32 Judging from their relative positions in the...Ch. 3 - 3-33 Toward which atom are the bonding electrons...Ch. 3 - 3-34 Which of these bonds is the most polar? The...Ch. 3 - 3-35 Classify each bond as nonpolar covalent,...Ch. 3 - 3-36 Classify each bond as nonpolar covalent,...Ch. 3 - 3-37 Answer true or false. (a) An ionic bond is...Ch. 3 - 3-38 Complete the chart by writing formulas for...Ch. 3 - 3-39 Write a formula for the ionic compound formed...Ch. 3 - 3-40 Although not a transition metal, lead can...Ch. 3 - 3-41 Describe the structure of sodium chloride in...Ch. 3 - 3-42 What is the charge on each ion in these...Ch. 3 - 3-43 Write the formula for the compound formed...Ch. 3 - 3-44 Write the formula for the ionic compound...Ch. 3 - 3-45 Which formulas are not correct? For each that...Ch. 3 - 3-46 Which formulas are not correct? For each that...Ch. 3 - 3-47 Answer true or false. (a) The name of a...Ch. 3 - 3-48 Potassium chloride and potassium bicarbonate...Ch. 3 - 3-49 Potassium nitrite has been used as a...Ch. 3 - 3-50 Name the polyatomic ion(s) in each compound....Ch. 3 - 3-51 Write the formulas for the ions present in...Ch. 3 - 3-52 Name these ionic compounds: (a) NaF (b) MgS...Ch. 3 - 3-53 Write formulas for the following ionic...Ch. 3 - 3-54 Write formulas for the following ionic...Ch. 3 - 3-55 Answer true or false. (a) A covalent bond is...Ch. 3 - 3-56 How many covalent bonds are normally formed...Ch. 3 - 3-57 What is: (a) A single bond? (b) A double...Ch. 3 - 3-58 In Section 2-3B, we saw that there are seven...Ch. 3 - 3-59 Draw a Lewis structure for each covalent...Ch. 3 - 3-60 What is the difference between a molecular...Ch. 3 - 3-61 State the total number of valence electrons...Ch. 3 - 3-62 Draw a Lewis structure for each of the...Ch. 3 - 3-63 What is the difference between (a) a bromine...Ch. 3 - 3-64 Acetylene (C2H2), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and...Ch. 3 - 3-65 Why can’t hydrogen have more than two...Ch. 3 - 3-66 Why can’t second-row elements have more than...Ch. 3 - 3-67 Why does nitrogen have three bonds and one...Ch. 3 - 3-68 Draw a Lewis structure of a covalent compound...Ch. 3 - 3-69 Why does oxygen have two bonds and two...Ch. 3 - 3-70 Draw a Lewis structure of a covalent compound...Ch. 3 - 3-71 The ion O6+ has a complete outer shell. Why...Ch. 3 - 3-72 Draw a Lewis structure for a molecule in...Ch. 3 - 3-73 Which of the following molecules have an atom...Ch. 3 - 3-74 Answer true or false. (a) A binary covalent...Ch. 3 - 3-75 Name these binary covalent compounds. (a) SO2...Ch. 3 - 3-76 Write two acceptable contributing structures...Ch. 3 - 3-77 Ozone, O3, is an unstable blue gas with a...Ch. 3 - 3-78 Nitrous oxide, N20, laughing gas, is a...Ch. 3 - 3-79 Answer true or false. (a) The letters VSEPR...Ch. 3 - 3-80 State the shape of a molecule whose central...Ch. 3 - 3-81 Hydrogen and oxygen combine in different...Ch. 3 - 3-82 Hydrogen and nitrogen combine in different...Ch. 3 - 3-83 Predict the shape of each molecule. (a) CH4...Ch. 3 - 3-84 Predict the shape of each ion. (a) (b (c)Ch. 3 - 3-85 Answer true or false. (a) To predict whether...Ch. 3 - 3-86 Both CO2 and SO2 have polar bonds. Account...Ch. 3 - 3-87 Consider the molecule boron trffluoride, BF3....Ch. 3 - 3-88 Is it possible for a molecule to have polar...Ch. 3 - 3-89 Is it possible for a molecule to have no...Ch. 3 - 3-90 In each case, tell whether the bond is ionic,...Ch. 3 - 3-91 Account for the fact that chioromethane,...Ch. 3 - 3-92 (Chemical Connections 3A) What are the three...Ch. 3 - 3-93 (Chemical Connections 3B) Why is sodium...Ch. 3 - 3-94 (Chemical Connections 3B) What is a medical...Ch. 3 - 3-95 (Chemical Connections 3B) What is a medical...Ch. 3 - 3-96 (Chemical Connections 3A) What is the most...Ch. 3 - 3-97 (Chemical Connections 3C) In what way does...Ch. 3 - 3-98 Explain why argon does not form either (a)...Ch. 3 - 3-99 Knowing what you do about covalent bonding in...Ch. 3 - 3-100 Use the valence-shell electron-pair...Ch. 3 - 3-101 Use the valence-shell electron-pair...Ch. 3 - 3-102 Chlorine dioxide, ClO2, is a yellow to...Ch. 3 - 3-103 Using the information in Figure 2-16,...Ch. 3 - 3-104 Arrange the single covalent bonds within...Ch. 3 - 3-105 Consider the structure of Vitamin E shown...Ch. 3 - 3-106 Consider the structure of Penicillin G shown...Ch. 3 - 3-107 Ephedrine, a molecule at one time found in...Ch. 3 - 3-108 Allene, C3H4, has the structural formula...Ch. 3 - 3-109 Until several years ago, the two...Ch. 3 - 3-110 Name and write the formula for the fluorine...Ch. 3 - 3-111 If you read the labels of sun-blocking...Ch. 3 - 3-112 On packaged table salt, it is common to see...Ch. 3 - 3-113 We are constantly warned about the dangers...Ch. 3 - 3-114 If you read the labels of several liquid and...Ch. 3 - 3-115 Iron forms Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. Which ion is...Ch. 3 - 3-116 Read the labels of several...Ch. 3 - 3-117 Write formulas for these compounds. (a)...Ch. 3 - 3-118 Many paint pigments contain transition metal...Ch. 3 - 3-119 Perchloroethylene, which is a liquid at room...Ch. 3 - 3-120 Vinyl chloride is the starting material for...Ch. 3 - 3-121 Tetrafluoroethylene is the starting material...Ch. 3 - 3-122 Some of the following structural formulas...Ch. 3 - 3-123 Sodium borohydride, NaBH4, has found wide...Ch. 3 - 3-124 Given your answer to Problem 3-123 and...Ch. 3 - 3-125 In Chapter 27, you will learn that adenosine...Ch. 3 - 3-126 Androstenedione, a muscle-building dietary...Ch. 3 - 3-127 Amoxicillin is an antibiotic used to treat...Ch. 3 - 3-128 Cyclopropane, an anesthetic with extreme...

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