The volume of the stock solution that is required to prepare one liter solution of concentration has to be found.
Dilution equation: Solutions of low concentrations cannot be prepared directly. In order to prepare a solution of very small concentration, a stock solution of high concentration has to be prepared and the stock solution is diluted to smaller concentrations. A solution of higher concentration can be diluted into lower concentration using the equation given below.
is the initial volume of the stock solution taken to prepare a dilute solution
is the initial concentration of stock solution
is the volume of the diluted solution
is the concentration of diluted solution
Mole is the mass of the substance that is having Avogadro number of particles. The number of moles of a given substance can be calculated by multiplying its volume with concentration
Molar concentration or molarity is the ratio of number of moles of solute to the volume of the solution in liter.
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