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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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A rain shadow is a reduction in rainfall ________.

  1. a. on the inland side of a coastal mountain range
  2. b. during an El Niño event
  3. c. that results from global warming

Summary Introduction

Introduction: A rain shadow is a semi-arid or arid region on the leeward side (facing away from the wind) of the high mountains.  A shadow of dryness is produced behinds the mountains, when the mountains block the flow of rain-producing weather. In this area, precipitation is little low due to topographic barrier such as high mountain range.

Explanation

Reason for correct answer:

Rain shadows reduce rainfall in coastal and inland mountain ranges because the mountain ranges block the rain-carrying clouds and all plant-growing weather. Therefore, Option a. is correct.

Reason for incorrect answer:

Option b. is given as “during an EI Nino event”. EI Nino event is an interaction between ocean–atmosphere climates, during which irregular temperature fluctuation occurs in the equatorial Pacific Oceans...

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