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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is usually elevated in patients with asthma?

A. Lymphocytes

B. Neutrophils

C. Basophils

D. Eosinophils

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

Blood is composed of two different parts, namely plasma and formed elements. The blood cells and the platelets are formed elements. Plasma is a straw-colored fluid that consists of gases, waste materials, and nutrients.

Explanation

Justification for the correct answer:

Option (D) is eosinophils. The main function of the eosinophils is to kill parasitic worms, inactivate inflammatory chemicals that causes allergy, and hamper the antigen–antibody complexes. Eosinophils remain high in patients with asthma as the immune system tries to combat the allergy through increasing eosinophils. Hence, the option (D) is correct.

Justification for the incorrect answers:

Option (A) is lymphocytes. The function of the lymphocytes is attacking the pathogens directly or through antibodies. The two main lymphocytes are the T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes and they mediate humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity, respectively...

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