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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

How does biodiversity serve as a storehouse of genetic information that is potentially useful to humans?

Summary Introduction

To review:

The manner in which biodiversity acts as a repository of genetic information that is potentially useful for humans.

Introduction:

Biodiversity is defined as the richness of living organisms, which forms an important part of the earth. The species vary at the genetic level among themselves as well as from the other species. The molecular or the genetic variation among the species serves as the basis for adaptation, evolutionary diversification, and speciation.

Explanation

Biodiversity is a storehouse of genetic information. The comprising species differs from the other on the genetic level. These genetic variations are seen even within the species, which ultimately lead to huge variations in the biodiversity. Many medicinal plants can be processed to extract the phytochemical compounds that have medicinal properties. Such plants include neem, turmeric, tulsi, and astavarga. These plants contain many secondary metabolites, such as alkaloids, phenols, saponin, and tannins. These compounds can be exploited to use against many diseases. For example, curcumin is an active compound found in turmeric that has anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective activities...

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