Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892



Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

Dogs typically wag their tails when they see their owners pick up a leash. What kind of learning does this demonstrate?

Summary Introduction

To review:

The kind of learning demonstrated by dogs through wagging their tails when they see their owners picking up the leash.


Learning behavior is the one which is acquired by an organism from experience. These are of different types, such as imprinting, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognition, and habituation.


Classical conditioning involves the linking of behavioral response to some unlinked stimulus. It is the learning procedure that involves the pairing of a biologically potent stimulus and a neutral stimulus as described in Pavlov’s experiment. The potent stimulus is that the dog thinks that the owner is going for a walk and the neutral stimulus is the leash. This is also called associative learning as the dog associates the two things...

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