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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether each of the following statements about the compound melatonin is true or false.

  1. a. Melatonin concentrations in the body decrease with age.
  2. b. Low levels of melatonin are associated with a “good night’s sleep.”
  3. c. As a prescription drug, melatonin is used to treat “jet lag.”
  4. d. There is an equal number of nitrogen atoms and carbon atoms in the structure of melatonin.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering the compound melatonin, the concentration in the human body decreases with age has to be indicated as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Organic compounds contain heteroatom also.  Some of them are nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen etc.  Nitrogen containing organic compounds is of two important types and they are amines, amides.

Explanation

Melatonin is a complex amide.  This hormone is synthesized in pineal gland.  This is the hormone that regulates sleep‑wake cycle in humans...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering the compound melatonin, “good night’s sleep” is associated with low level of melatonin has to be indicated as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Organic compounds contain heteroatom also.  Some of them are nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen etc.  Nitrogen containing organic compounds is of two important types and they are amines, amides.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering the compound melatonin, for “jet lag” treatment melatonin is used as a prescription drug has to be indicated as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Organic compounds contain heteroatom also.  Some of them are nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen etc.  Nitrogen containing organic compounds is of two important types and they are amines, amides.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering the compound melatonin, the number of carbon atoms and nitrogen atoms is equal has to be indicated as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Organic compounds contain heteroatom also.  Some of them are nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen etc.  Nitrogen containing organic compounds is of two important types and they are amines, amides.

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